Plutarco Elias Calles( President of Mexico in 1924-28gg.)
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Biography Plutarco Elias Calles
Plutarco Elias Calles was born September 25, 1877 in Guaymas, Sonora. In 1910 he joined the struggle of Francisco Madero against the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz. Calles was an extremely gifted organizer and leader, and became a general in 1914, also distinguished himself in battle, first against Victoriano Huerta, murdered Madero, and then Pachno against Villa and his rebel troops.
. In 1917, Calles became governor Sononry
. Appointed Minister of Commerce, Trade and Industry in the office of President Venustiano Carranza, he left that position to support the candidacy of Alvaro Obregon in the elections, and in 1920 participated in the overthrow of Carranza preziednta.
. Calles served as foreign minister when Adolfo de la Huerta, and then interior minister in the government of President Obregon (1920-24 gg.)
. In 1924 Calles was elected president of Mexico. Becoming more and more conservative, he nevertheless supported the agrarian trdovuyu reform and education reform. His term was also marked by difficulties with the Roman Catholic Church and the United States.
In 1928, ObregцЁn was again elected president, but supporters Calles killed him even before taking office. Over the next six years, Calles was the only force that supervised the three puppet presidents. Calles was based on the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Nacional Revolucionario), which he organized in 1929, support this party or that candidate was tantamount to election held. Those 6 years were characterized by social and balancing the desire to preserve social peace in the country in a specific historical situation, with extreme views fully restricted.
. Despite the measures controlled Calles government measures to 1934 left factions began to gain control of the PRI, and Calles was forced to support their candidate for president Lц║zaro Cц║rdenas
. This resulted in open rupture government and Calles, resulting in 1936 the latter was expelled from the country for the reactionary activities. Until 1941, when he was allowed to return, Calles lived in California. He died after 19 October 1945 in Mexico City.