Orfelin Zachary Stefanovic( prominent Serbian writer)
Comments for Orfelin Zachary Stefanovic
Biography Orfelin Zachary Stefanovic
(1726 - 1789). He studied little, his knowledge required reading. Studied painting and engraving in Venice, had wandered all my life, in poverty. Alias it was composed of the names of mythical Singers, Orpheus and Linus. Orfelin - first the Serbs writer by profession, existing literature (publishing) earnings. In all areas he was an innovator: he had compiled in the books for school, . manuals on agriculture, . calendars, . journalism ( "Slavo-Serbian Shop, . ie the collection of various essays and translations, . to use and entertaining the employees ", . 1768, . Venice), . even, . that first began to publish books Serb civilian type,
. Because of his fictional works, . except "OD" and "Tunes", . particularly important two syllabic song: "sorrow lament Serbia" and "Cry of Serbia, . eyazhe (a) the children were scattered in different states (Venice, . 1761), . with reference to the former glory of the motherland and the oppression of the Serbian people by the Austrian Government,
. Rationalist, typical of the proletarian struggle for existence, Orfelin was influenced by the ideas of the liberation of philosophical thought of the West. In the preface to "shop", he praises the new century, progressive, humane, and has brought a sober thought, calling "wise men" to work for the benefit of all mankind and to disseminate knowledge among the masses. Impact on Orfelina Russian "Monthly Works" Miller certainly. Orfelin also stresses the importance of the national language and replace it rejoices in the book in Latin, unintelligible to the masses. Ideal Orfelina was Peter the Great, the emperor as a bold reformer. In 1772, Mr.. published anonymously in Venice he wrote the book "The Life and glorious deeds of the Emperor Peter the Great, accompanied by a brief geographical and political history of Russia's kingdom". Attached to the end of the list of sources is striking in its comprehensiveness and trustworthiness; essay on the relations of Serbs and Montenegrins in Russia is composed of documents. Second, the de luxe edition (1774, with maps) is dedicated to Catherine II, in which the activities Orfelin saw the continuation of the struggle of Peter with the previous centuries, when knowledge was the privilege of the few. Orfelin paved the way for reform Obradovic and Karadzic. Patriarch of Slavic Studies, and. Dobrovskij, rightly found that the new Serbian literature should begin with Orfelina. - See. W. Nehring "Ein slaveno-serbisches Festgedicht von Z. O. "(" Archiv f. slav. Phil. ", VIII); D. Ruvarats "W. O. "(" Spomenik "Serbian. Acad., X, 1891); his own "Koje pisats book Zhitie and glorious deeds ..." (Publicly. Srpsk. Ouch. Ap. ", LXXII, 1891); T. Store "(" Sbornik u slavu V. Jagica ", BA, 1908); his own" Z. O. als Philolog "(" Archiv f. slav. Phil. ", XXX, 1909); P. Popovich, "On izvorima Slav-Serb Shop" ( "Pros. Transparent manner. ", 1912). A. R ".