Volotskii Joseph( Church leader, journalist, head of the flow Josephites.)
Comments for Volotskii Joseph
Biography Volotskii Joseph
1439 or 1440 - 8/9/1515
Information canonizes-van in 1579, Mr.. In 1459, Mr.. haircut in Borovsky monastery to Reverend-Term Pafnutii. After the death of Pafnutii was appointed abbot of the monastery. After 18 years, decided to remain temporarily, build it. Don beggarly garments, accompanied, upon cooling the monk Gerasimos Black, he secretly threw it in the monastery and visited the Multi base. monasteries, including St. Cyril and Belozerskii Savvino Tver. In 1479, Mr.. I.V. with seven associates founded his own monastery of the Assumption (of known later as Joseph Volokolamsky). I.V. was a witness against the implacable enemies of all the official church, ere users, Judaizers. In the "Illuminator" and of numerous letters, he called for a gesture-Coy reprisals against them and got his. VER-Kovno Cathedral 1504. decided on the execution of heretics. I.V. was a staunch supporter of the Mona styrskogo tenure. Vasily III visited Voloka-lamsky monastery, supported him financially. (Adapted from the book.: Russian Philosophy. Small Collegiate Dictionary. Moscow, 1995)
Characteristics of the views represented by Joseph Volotskii line allegorical rationalism, expressed in the teachings of Hilarion and Clement Smolyatich. His method was also 'spiritual watching' reasonable interpretation of Scripture. Like its predecessors, Ancient, he was noted for acute tendency to political pragmatism and utilitarianism, even. (Zamaleev п░.п╓. Course history of Russian philosophy. M., 1995. S. 30).
Teaching in theology, which at the time served and a form of philosophizing, Joseph followed the directions of development still Hilarion 'allegorical rationalism', based on a reasonable interpretation of Scripture. On this basis, constructed and its historiosophical views. However, in its bogslovsko-historiosophical journalism Josephites preferred to rely on the Old Testament, finding it more convenient for the interpretation of myths historiosophical issues and political realities. (Novikova LI, Sizemskaya I.N. Russian philosophy of history. M., 1997. S. 32-33).
Major works "the Illuminator", a book dedicated to the fight against heretics; short-kai and vague wording of the monastery "Charter" and more than 20 messages decomp. persons.
Works Illuminator ... IV, 4 th ed. Kazan, 1903; Messages I.V. / п÷п╬п╢пЁп╬я┌. Text AA. Zimin, YA.S. Lurie. Moscow, Leningrad, 1959; Reverend And. Voloka-lamsky / Additions to ed. works of the saints-samples in the Russian. Lane. M., 1847. CH. 5.
Literature Lurie YA.S. Ideology. struggle in the Russian. publitsi-stick con. XV - beginning. XVI in. Moscow, Leningrad, 1960; Klibanov A.I. Reformation. movement in Russia in the XIV - 1 st half. XVI in. 1960.