TIMIRYAZEV Clement Arkadevich( Biology, a public figure, historian of science.)
Comments for TIMIRYAZEV Clement Arkadevich
Biography TIMIRYAZEV Clement Arkadevich
22.5 (3.6) .1843 - 28.4.1920
Trivia Graduated from St. Petersburg University Press / 1865 /. Prof.. Peter's agricultural and forestry academy / since 1871 / and Moscow. Zap / 1877 /, corresponding member of Academy of Sciences / 1890 /. Works Timiryazeva devoted to the study of photosynthesis. One of the founders of the agrochemical in Russia. From positivism developed a consistent materialism. Darwinist. Welcomed the October Revolution.
. Characteristic views Evolutionary scheme, . which is so strongly held Spencer in all areas of human knowledge, . had to have an impact on the representatives of science, . especially, . that the dissemination of ideas Spesera coincided with enthusiasm Darwinism, . who has found himself many followers, . eg., . represented by K. Timiryazeva etc.,
. (Radlov E.L. Essays on the History of Russian Philosophy / Vvedensky AI, Losev, AF, EL Radlov, Spц╓th GG: Essays on the History of Russian Philosophy. Sverdlovsk, 1991. S. 115).
Teaching of the Tree of Life
. 'Organic world presents us with the obvious chain of beings, . but under the condition, . that we looked at it from a certain distance, . covering it in a general view, but if we come closer, . then we see, . it is not continuous chain, . but only located, . certainly, . like chain, . but, . unless, . not hooked together, . not directly adjacent individual units'.,
. (Timiriazev K
. A. Vol.: 10 t. M., 1937 - 1940. T. 6. S. 65).
Accidental and natural.
'The astronomer sees a random phenomenon, occurring on the surface of the sun, but this does not prevent him from marveling still harmony of the whole, to see the sun shining heart that controls the movements of the planets, pouring around them light and life. The historian is aware that history is made by people with their passions, errors, prejudices, and it is not, however, prevents him from seeing that, of the fighting consists of random individual aspirations grand process of historical progress. Similarly, if a biologist argues, . that the process of organic development, . raspologaya same random material, . leads him to the same amazing results, . as the progress of historical, . I see no reason to cry, . that this thought must "overturn the inside" '.,
. T. 7. S. 348).
'What is a reactionary movement, it is clear already from the fact that after this statement should always call back b. .. (name of river), and the more, the better, to Kant, and even better to Thomas Aquinas. What remains to be more visual testimonium paupertatis, . more obvious evidence of complete sterility of the lauded revival of philosophical thought, . not offering anything of his, . new, . but only longingly turn their gaze back? Science must loudly, . it will not go to Canossa, . does not recognize the primacy of a certain sverhnauchnoy, . non-scientific, . but simply unscientific philosophy,
. It does not become a servant of this philosophy, as she once put up with the nickname ancilla theologiae '.
(Ibid.. T. 5. S. 17).
The fate of metaphysics
. 'Metaphysics, . Wishing to keep the development of human intelligence within their scholastic dialectics, . involuntarily forced to abandon their friendly attitudes ancient enemy - clericalism, . and that part of the bourgeoisie, . who does not wish to obey the law of, . forced to enter into an alliance with the forces, . winner who has recently considered myself,
. Finally, and sigh for the past metaphysics, and pyatyaschayasya ago bourgeoisie is not averse to lend each other a helping hand '.
(Ibid.. T. 5. S. 15).
Major works 1 / Historical Method in Biology, 2 / Science. Essays on the development of natural science for three centuries / 1620-1920 / 3 / Charles Darwin and Karl Marx. / See: Izbr.soch. V.1-4. M., 1948-1949.
Works 1 / Historical Method in Biology, 2 / Science. Essays on the development of natural science for three centuries / 1620-1920 / 3 / Charles Darwin and Karl Marx. / See: Izbr.soch. V.1-4. M., 1948-1949.