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Biography DZHURDZHEVICH Ignyat
Terrible in its destructive force earthquake occurred in 1667 in Dubrovnik - the capital of a small aristocratic Dubrovnik republic on the Adriatic coast. Since the control of its senior representatives of the urban estates - patriciate, a depleted after the disaster (if the prince died, and most senators), it was decided to reinforce it by obscure names. In one of these families was born Ignyat Dzhurdzhevich, who in baptism was given the name Maria Niko. At the age of ten he was sent to Dubrovnik Jesuit school, where he learned the basis of four years of grammar and rhetoric. When he was 18, he, like all his peers from the patrician families, became part of the Big Board - one of the main government of the republic. Two years later, became the prince of the island Sipan near Dubrovnik, and a year later - the captain of the fortress Lovrenats. In the company of young people, he indulged in a noisy entertainment, courting the girls and married ladies. These adventures, however, did not exhaust his leisure time, this was the time he wrote his first successful love poems and poetic arrangements of the Psalms, as well as the less successful 'tragedy' Judith 'and authorized translation of' Aeneid 'of Virgil.

. The unexpected decision to retire from secular life had taken them, is believed to be due to unrequited love for Mary Bozhdarevoy
. In 1698 Dzhurdzhevich enters in Rome in the Order of the Jesuits, and after a few years, he - the teacher of rhetoric in the Jesuit schools of various Italian cities. Name Ignyat he received in honor of the founder of the Order of Ignatius Loyola.

In early 1705 Dzhurdzhevich out of the Jesuit order, citing ill health. But the reason, apparently, was another. Humility was not peculiar to him, and he often violated the Order's discipline. Besides teaching duties did not allow, as he wanted to throw himself into a poetic pursuits. In 1706 Dzhurdzhevich returned to Dubrovnik and entered the Benedictine monastery sv.Iakova. Poems, written in Latin in 1700-ies, were united in the collection 'Different poetic fun'. These include love lyrics, marked by the influence of Ovid, religious poetry, language and the size of which date back to ancient poetic models (in particular, to the works of Plautus), epigrams in imitation of the Roman poet Martsialu.

. In Dubrovnik life Dzhurdzhevicha little too reminiscent of a peaceful monastic existence
. In 1710, the decision of the Dubrovnik Senate Dzhurdzhevich was expelled from the city as an active supporter of the transition Dubrovnik Benedictine direct supervision of the center of this Order at Monte Cassino. For two years he spent in Italy, but after the intervention of the pope Dzhurdzhevich was pardoned and returned to Dubrovnik.

Here he joined the Academy of consonants, which led in 1718-m. but after three years out of its membership. Ragusa Academy of consonants was created in the image which was founded in 1690 the Roman literary academy 'Arcadia, . whose members rejected Marinism (glorifying the pleasure of poetry, . where form prevails over substance: fanciful metaphor, . comparison, . word game, and so on.), . followed the pastoral tradition, . interest in history,
. Dzhurdzhevich was strongly influenced by the Arcadia, it applies to his poetry, and works on historical themes. Gallant spirit of poetry published by Arcadia imbued them in 1712, wedding songs, written in Latin and Italian languages. He was well acquainted with the Italian historians of Arcadia, and historian Mandozio drew him to set up the major work of literature of Dubrovnik 'biographies and poems known dubrovchan', which had remained in manuscript. Exit Dzhurdzhevicha of the Academy was more a protest against the dull poetry of its members to remain within the restrained baroque than the rejection of the ideals of Arcadia. Yet her poetic innovation and at the very Dzhurdzhevicha were expressed quite clearly not. Their style of mixing with Baroque elements was particularly strong in its intricate and ornate composition 'sighing Penitent Magdalene'.

. After the conflict with the bishop of Dubrovnik Dzhurdzhevich left town and became the abbot of the Benedictine monastery on the island of Mljet
. The next three years (1728-1731) he spent in Italy, settling their publishing. Back home, Dzhurdzhevich headed Dubrovnik Benedictine Congregation (branch orders), and till his last days he lived in a monastery sv.Iakova. He died 62 years of age.

Dzhurdzhevich wrote his works with equal ease in Latin and Slavic language, poetry and prose. The beauty and power of 'Illyrian' language (the authors of this time used the ancient name of the territory on which the Croatia 'Illyria) were sung to them in the rows' Sighs Magdalene'. Starting with the love poems in the style Seichento (ie the XVII century), then he felt a strong impact gallant lyricism with its idyllic pastoral motifs. And it is in the books of poetry, created in pastoral tradition, it is the most complete for its time, opened the possibility of their native language and rhythms of folk songs and stories. In the poetic repertoire Dzhurdzhevicha allocated witty parody of love lyrics 'Marunkovy tears', where the role of the unfortunate and naive love playing farmer from the island of Mljet.

. Dzhurdzhevich paid tribute to the genre and panegyric, written two books (out of four of her dreams) 'Poems of the victory of Prince Eugene of Savoy', where the allegorical figures used for chanting the famous captain of victories over the Turks.

. For many years he kept returning to the poetic transcriptions of the Psalms, and in 1729 published the entire text with commentary entitled 'Slavic Psalms'
. The introduction of the survey contained some Dzhurdzhevicha on a historical theme - 'Life of King David' and information about the number of Dubrovnik writers. Over the years, historical works in prose, became prevalent in the works Dzhurdzhevicha. An example of his diligence research can serve as a description of the shipwreck of the Apostle Paul, which links more than 300 authoritative sources Dzhurdzhevich sought to prove that this event did not happen near the island of Malta, and some of Mljet. Until his death he was working on so many levels and is an unfinished essay 'Antiquities of Illyria' that were essays on history, archeology, geography, language and literature of his native land.

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DZHURDZHEVICH Ignyat, photo, biography
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