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Yakov Ivanovich Rostovtsev

( Adjutant-General, a well-known figure of the peasant reform.)

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Biography Yakov Ivanovich Rostovtsev
1803 - 60
His father was director of the College of St. Petersburg Province. R. raised in the Corps of Pages and began service in the Guard. December 12, 1825 verbally advised the Emperor Nicholas of the conspiracy of the Decembrists, without naming names of participants and not pursuing any personal goals. In 1828 he was appointed adjutant of the Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich, and accompanied him in the Turkish campaign in 1828 and Poland in 1831 and in 1835 was appointed Chief of Staff, the Grand Duke's management of military educational institutions, and retained this position, . when the headquarters of the military educational institutions, . after the death of Grand Duke, . was entrusted Tsarevich,
. On accession to the throne of Emperor Alexander II, the main command of the military educational institutions have been entrusted to the ER, with the rank of Chief of Staff of His Imperial Majesty's military educational institutions. He cared about improving the educational part in military schools, . attract the best teachers, . encouraged the departure of young people abroad to be prepared for teaching activities, amounted to a set of laws on military educational institutions (1837), . "position" of management (1843) and "instruction" for the education of their pupils (1848),
. The beginning of 1857 R. was appointed a member of the secret committee (since 1858 - the main Committee) on peasant affairs and was one of the three-member committee formed under the Commission for consideration of projects and reported him to the notes (see. Peasants, XVI, 703). He accepted the appointment because of insistence Emperor, who wanted to have a committee person, enjoy the full confidence of his. First P. be wary of the planned reform, this was reflected in its program of activities drawn up provincial committees, . on which the landlords were to be saved patrimonial rights in a larger size, . than on unapproved draft Lansky, as the compilation of the provisions of the peasants, . and bringing them into effect must be placed in the hands of the provincial committees for the application of individual names to make the peasants themselves and declare their owners, farmers received only hereditary use of land manor,
. In July 1858 P. was appointed as one of the four members of the Commission for preliminary consideration of draft regulations, admissions of provincial committees. After leaving in the summer of that year in a foreign vacation, P. devoted his leisure to the study of literature of the peasant question and after a radically changed his views on reform. The reasons for this change in accuracy is unknown, it is conjectured that during his stay in Dresden, his son, near death, begged him to act for the benefit of the Russian people, it is also possible that, being abroad, P. looked closely at home there the peasants, and compared it with the life of the Russian peasant. Anyway, after returning to Russia P. is a supporter of liberation, which he knew best figures of the peasant reform. His thoughts P. outlined in the four letters written by him to the Emperor of Wildbad, Karlsruhe and Dresden (cm. XVI, 705). Excerpts from these letters, made by R., discussed the main committee under the chairmanship of a personal sovereign, in the same vein were drawn and rules, data management committee. When in early 1859 have been set up drafting committees, on P. was entrusted with the presidency in them, with the right to give them the internal structure of its closest discretion. In the first meetings of the committees R. expounded his thoughts about the rationale behind the reform, . approved by the Emperor: the liberation of peasants from the land, . purchase through the Government, . reduction, . possible, . transition urgent duty in the state, . translate corvee peasants on the rent, . self-emancipation of the peasants in their rural home,
. R. began work in the commissions, . he said, . with prayer, . reverently, . fear, . with a sense of duty ", until his death he gave direction to all their work, . agreed disagreements arose, the first to apply transparency in the development of legislative measures, . typing "labor" commissions in the amount of 3000 copies for distribution to all persons, . which could be useful to,
. February 6, 1860 P. died, . not having completed the reform of business, . although, . however, . principal part of the draft "Provisions of the peasants were already worked out, he composed before his death for the Emperor note on Peasant Affairs, served as, . on orders from the highest, . instruction for further action by drafting committees under the chairmanship of gr,
. Panin (it was printed in a small number of copies for members of the main committee and others, and are reprinted in the "Russian Archive", 1868, and "Russian Antiquities", 1880, XXVII). After the publication of February 19 was assigned by His Majesty's orders, on the tomb of P. Gold Medal, established in the works for the liberation of the peasants, the widow of R. with downward offspring was built in the Count's dignity. In 20-ies P. published a few pieces in magazines and the tragedy of "Perseus" (1823), excerpts from his tragedy "Dmitry Pozharsky" published in 1827 in the Moscow Gazette, two of the later poems R. listed in the "Russian Antiquities" (1870, II). See. NP. Semenov Activities P. the drafting committee on Peasant Affairs "(" Russian Messenger, . 1864, . ? 10 - 12), his "Illness and death of General R." (ib., . 1866, . ? 2); his "emancipation of the peasants" (Saint-Petersburg, . 1889 - 91); Dzhanshiev "The era of great reforms" (7 th ed., . Moscow, . 1898); F,
. Elenite I. I. R. and his work on the peasant question "(St. Petersburg, 1860); his" Two documents from the papers I. I. R. "(" Russian Archive ", 1873, No. 1, among other things, the note F. its relation to the conspiracy of the Decembrists), his "first steps emancipation of the peasants" (St. Petersburg, 1886) and A. Galakhov "My relations with I. I. R., 1850 - 58 "(" Russian Antiquities ", 1879, XXIV);" Notes senator YA.A. Solovyov on peasant case "(" Russian Antiquities ", 1880 - 84); Lala" Historical sketch of military educational institutions "(t. 1, St. Petersburg, 1880). An extensive collection of papers P. was reported to them Baron Gakstgauzenu for his writings on peasant reform in Russia (Leipzig, 1866) and published quite a. Skrebitskii ( "Farmer's case in the reign of Emperor Alexander II", Bonn-Rhein, 1862 - 68).

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Yakov Ivanovich Rostovtsev, photo, biography Yakov Ivanovich Rostovtsev  Adjutant-General, a well-known figure of the peasant reform., photo, biography
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