BEDIE Joseph (Bedier Joseph)( French scholar and critic.)
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Biography BEDIE Joseph (Bedier Joseph)
Born January 28, 1863 in Paris. From 1880 to 1903 successfully engaged in teaching activity at the University of Friborg (Switzerland), in Cannes University and Ecole Normale SupцLrieure (Paris). In 1903, GM has replaced Paris at the Department of Old French language and literature at the College de France. In 1921 he was elected to the French Academy, in 1929 became the rector of the College de France and held that post until his retirement in 1936
. The first major scientific work Bedier was his doctoral dissertation Fabliau, . essay popular literature and literary history of the Middle Ages (Les Fabliaux, . tudes de littrature populaire et d'histoire littraire du moyen ge, . 1893, . reprint 1894 and 1924), . in which he refuted the then prevailing theory of oriental origin narrative genre Fabliau (fabliau) and convincingly, . that he originated in France 13 in,
. and is closely linked with social and literary climate of his time. His next book, romance of Tristan and Isolde (Le Roman de Tristan et Iseult, 1900), free-style reconstruction of the romance of Tristan, relating to the 12 century., Brought him worldwide fame writer. It was a masterpiece of French prose, in the creation of which is attended by scholarship and literary talent. Two years later, Bedier has published the first volume of his edition romance of Tristan (in two volumes, 1903-1905), which served as an invaluable contribution to the study of early forms of the medieval courtly romance. Bedier is conclusively proved that all the known versions of this story does not go back to the formless body of Celtic tales, as previously thought, but to the lost one source - the French poem 12 in.
Highest achievement in the study Bedier epic literature was a critical edition of the Song of Roland (Chanson de Roland, 1922). It includes the translation of the songs on the modern French language, which, in addition to that clarifies the original, and itself has a high poetic merit. Fearless conservatism shown by Bedier in the treatment of preserved ancient manuscript Song of Roland, can serve as a model carefully in regard to the text. Died Bedier in Le Grand-Serre August 29, 1938.