John Berryman (Berryman John)( American poet and critic.)
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Biography John Berryman (Berryman John)
Main figure 'second generation' modernist poetry, which reached maturity in the 1940's and designed to absorb, and then overcome the influence of the masters in the first decades of the 20. - TS Eliot, WB Yeats and Stevens.
Born October 25, 1914 at Macalester (pc. Oklahoma). He graduated from Columbia (1936) and Cambridge (England, 1938) universities. He taught English literature at several colleges, since 1955 lecturer, later professor of humanities University of Minnesota.
In 1950 published a biography of C. Crane. His first great poem, a tribute to the glorious Mrs. Brad Street (Homage to Mistress Bradstreet, 1956), represents a kind of dialogue between the writer 20 in. and the shadow of the poet, ended his days in 17. Even more daring plan of his songs embody the fantasy -. Published two books (77 songs, fantasy - 77 Dream Songs, 1964, and his amusement, his dream, his repose - His Toy, His Dream, His Rest, 1968), this cycle - a kind of expressionist novel in verse. Each of the songs is a short poem of three stanzas, a snapshot of what is happening in the mind of the hero.
Other books Berryman - Poems (Poems, 1942), The Dispossessed (The Dispossessed, 1948), Sonnets Berryman (Berryman s Sonnets, 1967), Delusions etc.. (Delusions, etc, 1972), posthumously published novel, The Healing (Recovery, 1973) and a compilation of previously unpublished song-and-fantasy - The fate of Henry's (Henry's Fate, 1977). Posthumously in 1976 appeared a collection of the best that was written in prose, - Freedom of the poet (The Freedom of the Poet). Winner of the Pulitzer (1965) and National (1969) Awards. Berryman died in Minneapolis (pc. Minnesota) 7 January 1972.