Henry Thomas Buckle (Buckle Henry Thomas)( The English historian, famous for his work History of Civilization in England)
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Biography Henry Thomas Buckle (Buckle Henry Thomas)
(1821-1862) (History of Civilization in England, 1857-1861).
Born in Leigh (Kent) 24 November 1821. Because of poor health, was forced to learn at home, and originality of Buckle's work owes much to his lack of formal education. The idea of history of civilization first came Buckle in the head when he was 18 years old, but the first volume appeared only in 1857. Work immediately won success and made the author famous. The second volume was published four years later and was greeted with the same approval. Buckle, however, could not fully recover after the death of his mother in 1858. In 1861, desiring to strengthen the mental and physical health, he traveled to Egypt and the Holy Land. In 1862, contracted typhus and died in Damascus (29 May), leaving the unfinished work of his life.
In the history of civilization Buckle claimed that human history is not a game of blind chance, free will - just an illusion. Therefore, the history should apply the methods of natural science. 'I have long harbored the belief - he wrote - that the progressive development of any people obey the laws, equally valid and reliable as the laws of the material world. Find these laws - that is the goal of my work '. Climate, food and soil, argued Buckle, determine the physical and mental development of the nation, and he based this thesis, citing examples from the history of different countries and epochs. In his account of the history of mankind is the history of the struggle between enlightenment and obscurantism, violence and freedom, deadening orthodoxy and living skepticism.