Braga Tycho (Brahe Tycho)( Danish astronomer.)
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Biography Braga Tycho (Brahe Tycho)
Born December 14, 1546 in the estate Knudstrup (prov. Skцгne, Denmark, now Sweden). In 1559-1565 he studied first at Pacific Lutheran University of Copenhagen, then to the University of Leipzig. Impressed by observing the solar eclipse that occurred in 1560 in strict accordance with the prediction, became interested in astronomy. Since 1563 began to conduct astronomical observations. In November of 1572 saw a new star in the constellation Cassiopeia. As it turned out already in the 20. It was a supernova that exploded in our galaxy, but now it is called the Star of Silence. Having shown interest in research Tycho Brahe, the Danish King Frederick II placed at his disposal in the island of Ven Erisuni (near Copenhagen), where Brahe built an observatory Uranibor ( 'Heavenly Castle'). Most of the instruments, which was equipped with an observatory, a scientist has made himself, he managed to achieve high accuracy measurements. Tycho Brahe was new exact solar table, and an updated catalog of 800 stars. The data allowed IV Kepler discover the laws of planetary motion. Sam Brahe did not accept the Copernican system, and believed that the Earth is in the center of the world, the sun moves around the Earth and other planets orbit around the Sun. In 1597, after the death of Frederick II, Tycho Brahe left Denmark two years he lived in Germany, and in 1599 moved to Prague, where he was court astronomer. Tycho Brahe died in Prague on October 24, 1601.