Donato Bramante (Bramante Donato)( Outstanding Italian architect of the Renaissance)
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Biography Donato Bramante (Bramante Donato)
(real name Paskuchcho D'Antoni, Pascuccio d'Antonio). Born in Monte Azdrualdo (now Ferminyano) in the Duchy of Urbino in central Italy. First, he studied painting, apparently, in Piero della Francesca and Andrea Mantegna, worked as a painter-decorator, and then devoted himself to architecture, becoming one of the greatest architects of the High Renaissance. Architectural work of Bramante began in Milan, where he rebuilt the church of Santa Maria presso San Satire (1479-1483) and Santa Maria delle Grazie (1492-1497). From 1499 he settled in Rome, where he studied the ancient monuments, under the influence of these lessons and formed his style. Bramante took part in the implementation of most architectural projects, carried out in Rome under Popes Alexander VI (1489-1503) and Julia II (1503-1513), who became his patrons. He was the first chief architect of the new Cathedral of St.. Peter (1506-1514), but not completed the construction, during construction of the cathedral plan has changed several times, but the basis of the final version, owned by Michelangelo, lying centric building project proposed by Bramante. In the complex of the Vatican Palace are two built by Bramante - yards Belvedere (1503-1545) and San Damazo (ca. 1510). Other outstanding works of Bramante - San Pietro in Montorio round temple in the courtyard of the monastery of San Pietro Montorio Institute (1502), . courtyard of the church of Santa Maria della Pace and the facade of the Palazzo Kanchelleriya (1499-1511), . one of the most elegant Renaissance palaces in Rome,
. Bramante died in Rome on March 11, 1514.