Brunetiere Ferdinand (Brunetire Ferdinand)( French literary critic.)
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Biography Brunetiere Ferdinand (Brunetire Ferdinand)
Born in Toulon, 19 July 1849. In 1883 a book was published Brunetiere naturalistic novel (Le Roman naturaliste), through which he became the head of the fight against naturalism. In 1893 became editor of the conservative publication "Revue de Deux Monde '(' Revue des deux mondes').
In the theory of the literary process Brunetiere obvious influence of evolutionary ideas. According to this theory, the development of literary genres followed the path similar to the evolution of species in nature: from the initial confusion - to divisions and differences. These ideas are set out in the books of criticism Evolution (L'volution de la critique, 1890), the Age of the French Theater (Les poques du thtre franais, 1892), Evolution of lyrical poetry (L'volution de la posie lyrique, 1894). Remarkable examples of scientific studies give his essays in French literature (tudes critiques sur la littrature franaise, 1880) and the work of individual writers, such as Honore de Balzac (Honor de Balzac, 1906).
Since 1890 Brunetiere became a tireless defender of Catholicism, which found expression in books such as Science and Religion (La Science et la religion, 1897) and On the Road of Faith (Sur les chemins de la croyance, 1904). Brunetiere died in Paris on December 9, 1906.