Dietrich Buxtehude (Buxtehude Dietrich, or Diderik)( Biggest representative severogermanskoy organ school dobahovskoy era.)
Comments for Dietrich Buxtehude (Buxtehude Dietrich, or Diderik)
Biography Dietrich Buxtehude (Buxtehude Dietrich, or Diderik)
It is assumed that he was born ca. 1637 in Denmark. One of the composer's biographer, A. Pirro, the birthplace of Buxtehude calls Helsingborg - on the grounds that his father, Hans Jensen, Buxtehude (1602-1674) was organist at the Church of St.. Maria in Helsingborg until 1642. However, most other researchers believe that Buxtehude was born in Elsinore (in Shakespeare's Hamlet is a place called Elsinore), where his father was for many years served as organist at the Church of St.. Olaf. In any case, Buxtehude was a Dane by birth, but later became a Swedish city of Helsingborg. It is also possible that the ancestors of Buxtehude moved to Denmark from Germany
. Like all German musicians of his generation Buxtehude was strongly influenced by Netherlandish composer and organ school, . especially Jan Sweelinck, . style which, . in turn, . a synthesis of the Flemish and Italian traditions (the latter were most clearly represented in the works Dzh.Freskobaldi and Dzh.Tsarlino),
. In Heritage Buxtehude, there are several tracks on the Italian texts, general features of Italian style clearly show through in many of his works.
However, the predominant German influence remained. It passed directly through Dietrich's father, who became his first teacher; via IM Theile - the pupil of the great composer Heinrich Schutz; through F. Tundera - predecessor Buxtehude in Lц╪beck.
April 1, 1668 the church board invited Lц╪beck Buxtehude place of organist at the Church of St.. Mary. Musician accepted the offer by linking their fate with the city (where he died May 9, 1707). The post of organist Marienkirche considered one of the best in Europe. However, the predecessor Buxtehude Tunder, supposing that the organist's salary is not enough for a decent maintenance of the family, in 1647 and assumed the duties of superintendent. Buxtehude inherited both posts. Another feature of the place for them was, . by the tradition of the new organist had to marry the eldest unmarried daughter of his predecessor, . Buxtehude, and married the daughter of Tundera Anna Margarethe (in this marriage were born seven children),
. In old age Buxtehude experienced some difficulty in choosing a successor: many organists, including JS Bach, GF Handel and I. Matteson refused to work in Luebeck, they confuse the need to marry the eldest daughter of Buxtehude.
The greatest glory of a musician brought his Sunday 'Evening concerts' (Abendmusik) in the Advent season: they gathered musicians from all over Europe. Most of the organ and vocal and choral works of the composer was written for such concerts. Among the audience was a young JS Bach, who in 1705 has come a long way, reaching out to Lubeck from Arnstadt
. Although Buxtehude is the author of works in various genres - such, . violin sonatas, . Pieces for Harpsichord, . secular vocal music, . spiritual cantatas and other sacred music, . - Still mostly in its heritage is the organ works: it is distinguished by the greatest originality and had a powerful influence on the next generation of German musicians,
. Style Buxtehude marked great courage, wealth of imagination, it is very individual and often brightly virtuoso. Free modulating improvised sections (some scientists believe they are even too free) alternate in organ plays Buxtehude with excellent fugues and other polyphonic forms
. Vocal and choral heritage of the composer published in the seven-collection of his essays edited by Kelkena (Dietrich Buxtehude Werke, . 1925-1937), his clavier pieces (Klavervaerker D. Buxtehude) came out in Copenhagen in 1942; collection of organ works in 4 volumes (Dietrich Buxtehude Saemtliche Orgelwerke) - the same place in 1952.,