Edward Gibbon (Gibbon Edward)( English historian, author of the greatest historical work in English - History of Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire)
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Biography Edward Gibbon (Gibbon Edward)
Born in Putney April 27, 1737. He was educated at home and attended private schools, in 1748-1750 he studied at Westminster Cheek. Poor health prevented attendance at schools, so education was mostly received by Edward independently of the books which he read an incredible amount of. In 1752 went to Magdalen College, Oxford University, who gave him little. Here he became a Catholic - a step, say goodbye to Oxford and public career. Alarmed by his father sent him to Lausanne (Switzerland) in the care of a Protestant pastor Daniel Paviyyara, where he lived for five years. Switzerland Gibbon renounced Catholicism, . wrote blshuyu part of his first book, . establish friendly relations with George Deverdyu and fell in love with Suzanne Kц+rsch, . but was forced to break her, . met the disapproval of his father and being unable to maintain his family without his help,
In 1760-1762 he served in Gibbon defense units in South Hampshire. His first book - Study on the study of literature (Essai sur l'tude de la litrature) was published in 1761. Gibbon kept a diary (published by J. Lo in 1929 under the title Diary of Gibbon to 1763, Gibbon's Journal to 1763). When in 1763 the Seven Years' War was over, he went to Paris and then to Lausanne. The diary which he kept at the time, J. Bonnard, was published in 1945 (Diary of Gibbon at Lausanne, Le Journal de Gibbon Lausanne). Then, the future historian went to Italy where he planned to write a great work on the history of Rome. In Rome he met with John Holroydom, the future Lord Sheffield, who became his close friend.
From 1765 he lived with his father in Beritone, together with Deverdyu worked on the journal 'Literary Monuments of Great Britain' ( 'Mmoires littraires de la Grande Bretagne'), two editions of which were published in 1768 and 1769. In 1770, Gibbon published the anonymous criticisms of the sixth book of Aeneid (Critical Observations on the Sixth Book of the Aeneid). The first volume of History of Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire came out in 1776. The book was a huge success, although some critical articles and forced him to write the answer in 1779: In defense of certain places ... decline and fall of the Roman Empire (A Vindication of Some Passages in the ... Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire). The second and third volumes of books were published in 1781.
Gibbon, a supporter of Lord North, was a member of Parliament in 1774-1784 and head of the Trade since 1779. In July 1779 he wrote in defense of the foreign policy memorandum to the charges by the French court (Mmoire justificatif pour servir de rponse l'expos de la cour de France). When the Board of Trade was abolished in 1782, . Gibbon had to save money, . and he decided to move to Lausanne, . where he lived in the house Deverdyu 'La Grotto' in 1783-1793, . returning briefly to England in 1787-1788, . to follow the release of the last three volumes decline and fall,
. Death Deverdyu shortly after his return, his own precarious health, the threat of civilian life by the French troops have marred recent years Gibbon. In 1793, he hastily returned to England to support the Lord Sheffield after the death of his wife. Subsequently Gibbon lived then in London, then to Sheffield Park in Sussex. Gibbon died in London on January 16, 1794.
Composition, immortal name of Gibbon, History of Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, covers the period from the end of 2. BC. (reign of Commodus) before the fall of Constantinople in 1453 (Gibbon originally planned to bring his work before the fall of the Western Roman Empire, but later expanded it, adding to the three already released three more volumes). Perhaps it was the first in Western literature, historical writing, addressed, despite the scientific method, to the general public and has found her a rousing welcome. Thanks to the magnificent style of the book continue to read and now, even though it contained many representations have long been overcome, and the overall education and anti-Christian pathos looks outdated.