Yakubu Gowon (Gowon Yakubu)( Political activist, head of the Federal Military Government of Nigeria.)
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Biography Yakubu Gowon (Gowon Yakubu)
The son of a Christian priest, was born in Leray Gowon (Nigeria) 19 October 1934. Since 1957 he studied at military schools in Ghana and the UK, including the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, he returned to Nigeria in the rank of lieutenant. In 1963, became chief of staff General Agiyi-Ironsi. Remain in office after the attempted military coup in January 1966.
When in July 1966, Ironsi and a number of officers were killed during the ethnic conflict, Gowon was appointed commander of the armed forces of Nigeria. Gowon failed to resolve the conflict between the federal government and the tribe because of the Eastern Region, and a year thousands of people living in the Northern Region for the victims of the massacre. Faced with the threat of separation eastern areas, Gowon abolished the administrative-territorial division of Nigeria into four regions and divided the country into 12 states, ensuring the loyalty of ethnic minorities in the east. Unfortunately, these steps have not been able to prevent began in 1967 brutal internecine 30-month war with separatists in the eastern. In 1970, Gowon showed generosity toward the defeated Biafra. However, he failed to make any quick restoration of civilian rule, nor an effective system of governance of Nigeria, which led to his overthrow in a bloodless coup in July 1975.
Gowon left politics and went to Warwick University, where he defended his doctoral dissertation. Subsequently, he returned to Nigeria, went into business and became chairman of the Nigerian oil company