Surendranath Dasgupta (Surendra Nath Dasgupta)( historian of Indian philosophy and religious studies.)
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Biography Surendranath Dasgupta (Surendra Nath Dasgupta)
Born in October 1885 in the bush (Bengal). He graduated from college in Calcutta, in 1910 became Master of Arts degree in philosophy at Cambridge in 1920-1922 he studied philosophy under the guidance Dzh.E.Mak-Taggart, . doctorate, in 1924-1931 Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy in Calcutta College, in 1935-1936, . 1939 lectured in Italy, . Germany, . Switzerland, . France, . Britain and Poland, In 1931-1942 Director of the Sanskrit College in Calcutta, from 1945 - Professor of Sanskrit at Edinburgh University,
. Dasgupta died in Lucknow (India), December 18, 1952.
Case life Dasgupta - five-volume History of Indian philosophy, the first volume of which came out in 1922, and the last posthumously in 1955. Dasgupta has attracted the maximum number of sources (including manuscripts) in Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit and other Indian languages, receiving materials from all over India, and included in his work the fundamental information on the history of Indian religions and science. The main achievements Dasgupta - discovery of unknown and a systematic description of little-known traditions of thought such as the southern Saiva schools, . refinement of all-Indian philosophical heritage in the texts of medical and other scientific traditions (primarily, . special version of the teachings of Samkhya-Charaka Samhita (Section IV-Sharira sthana), . comparator them with the version of Samkhya Panchashikhe - Mahabharata, . detailed description of the dualist Madhva Vedanta (Advaita-Dvaita), . 'pure monism' Vallabha (shuddhadvayta) and other areas neshankarovskoy Vedanta,
In Indian mysticism (1927), Dasgupta traces mystical layers in the Vedic hymns, Upanishads, Yoga, Buddhism and Hindu Bhakti movement. Mysticism in its treatment - not only adept intimate fellowship with the Divine, but the basis of religion as such. History of Indian mysticism is considered a vector in the direction of the extroverted mysticism ritualistic Brahmanism to intravertnoy contemplative mysticism of the Upanishads, the decline of mysticism Dasgupta connects with the cultivation of a sense of reverence for the 'chosen deity' in bhakticheskih movements, . belongs, . however, . credit counter caste mentality and prejudices 'of classical Hinduism',
In the posthumously published book, Religion and rational outlook (1954), Dasgupta critically analyze the most well-known concept of religion and its relationship with morality, psychology, science and society.