Giotto di Bondone (Giotto di Bondone)( Florentine artist and architect)
Comments for Giotto di Bondone (Giotto di Bondone)
Biography Giotto di Bondone (Giotto di Bondone)
(ca. 1266 or 1276-1337)
Born in Vespinyano. According to Vasari, Giotto was a pupil of Cimabue. On the apprenticeship and the early period of the artist's work nothing is known.
The first mention of Giotto refers to 1298, it is contained in the document he had received payment for the mosaic Navichella in the old cathedral of St.. Peter's in Rome, when transferred from the cathedral, she, unfortunately, has lost its original appearance. The earliest surviving works by the artist - scenes from the life of St.. Francis in the Upper Church at Assisi (1300-1304). However, these frescoes heavily rewritten, and many researchers do not recognize them as true works of masters. Giotto's style reached maturity in Del Arena Chapel frescoes in Padua (1304-1306). Capella blocked Korobov vault; on the front wall is placed the image of Doomsday, but on the side - scenes from the life of Christ and the Virgin Mary, located in three registers. The restraint and dignity in the treatment of subjects, . Plastic modelirovaka volumes, . clarity of spatial constructions, . expressive gestures and postures, . bright festive colors and inner artistic unity makes these paintings unique in the history of monumental and decorative painting,
Among others mentioned in the documents and attributed to Giotto's frescoes preserved only painted the chapel of St.. Magdalene in the lower church of St.. Francis in Assisi (between 1314 and 1329) and the Bardi and Peruzzi chapels in the church of Santa Croce in Florence (after 1317). In the frescoes of Santa Croce, opened in the 20. under a layer of plaster, are scenes from the life of St.. Francis, whose composition with slight modifications borrowed from the frescoes in Assisi, as well as episodes from the lives of John the Baptist and St. John the Theologian. From Giotto altarpiece remained only one - Madonna in Glory (ca. 1310, Uffizi).
Giotto was a man of secular and practical. He had six children. In his later years Giotto's reached the pinnacle of glory in 1330, King Robert of Naples bestowed on him the title of the court, and in 1334 he was appointed chief architect of Florence Cathedral. In the same year the foundation was laid Campanile, which is usually called the Campanile Giotto, though, as far as we know, pictures wizard played very little role in the construction of this building. Giotto died in Florence on Jan. 8, 1337.