JEAN PAUL( German novelist and satirist.)
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Biography JEAN PAUL
Born March 21, 1763 in Wunsiedel (Bavaria) in a poor family. While studying theology at the University of Leipzig, was interested in many other disciplines, particularly literature. The first works of satire in prose, created at age 20. Seven years of a tutor later served as material for the treatise Levan or the doctrine of education (Levana, oder Erziehungslehre, tt. 1-3, 1807), one of the classics in German pedagogy. Bildungsroman invisible box (Die unsichtbare Loge, 1793) brought him literary fame and has identified a further way of life. Then followed Hesperus (Hesperus, tt. 1-3, 1795), Life Quinta Fikslyayna (Das Leben des Quintus Fixleins, 1796) and Flowers, fruits, and thorns, or ... Zibenkez (Blumen-, Frucht-und Dornenstcke, oder ... Siebenks, tt. 1.3, . 1796-1797), . as well as small prose idyll and humorous skits, . primarily Uchitelishka VTC (Schulmeisterlein Wuz, . 1793), . Hero of the day (Der Jubelsenior, . 1797) and the Valley in Campania (Das Kampaner Tal, . 1797), . which soon made a popular writer Jean Paul,
In 1801, Jean Paul got married and moved to Meiningen, where the principal has completed its work - the novel Titan (Titan, Tm. 1-6, 1800-1803), like all of his major novels, largely autobiographical. In Titan, as in mischievous years (Flegeljahre, tt. 1-4, 1804-1805), markedly influence Goethe Wilhelm Meister. In 1804, Jean Paul published his main philosophical work - prep-school aesthetics (Vorschule der Aesthetik, tt. 1-3), which develops its views on art, especially poetry.
Of the later works of Jean Paul - novels Visit Dr. Kattsenbergera on water (Dr. Katzenbergers Badereise, tt. 1-3, 1809) and Selina, or immortality of the soul (Selina, oder ц╪ber die Unsterblichkeit der Seele, tt. 1-2, 1827). His last novel, Comet (Der Komet, tt. 1-3, 1820-1822), was left unfinished. Jean Paul died in Bayreuth on Nov. 14, 1825
. In many ways, a belated representative of the 'Sturm und Drang' and the forerunner of Romanticism, . Jean Paul had a stormy, . sometimes untamed imagination, . able to skillfully use realistic details, . as well as dreamy fiction, . mischievous comedy and languorous sentimentality, . sometimes rose to a genuine tragedy,
. In his satirical works can be seen the influence of L. Stern, but the moral soundness of its humor and vosslavlenie individuality, even eccentricity, making it a truly German idealist and a romantic. His favorite theme - the conflict between the tragicomic unquenchable spirit and petty stagnation.