Joseph Kasavubu (Kasavubu Joseph)( President of the Congo.)
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Biography Joseph Kasavubu (Kasavubu Joseph)
By ethnicity - Bakongo, was educated in Catholic schools, missions, briefly studied at the priest, worked as a teacher, later a public official. In 1955 he was elected president of the Alliance people Bakongo (Abaco) - cultural and social organization Bakongo in the Lower Congo from Leopoldville (now Kinshasa). After the 1959 riots in Leopoldville Abaco has become a political party that aims to establish an independent state Bakongo. By the time the declaration of Congolese independence 30 June 1960 Kasavubu was one of the two most influential political leaders of the country. Another was Patrice Lumumba, the head of a radical party and the only politician who enjoyed the support throughout the Congo. Under the constitution, which provided for the separation of executive, Kasavubu became president and Patrice Lumumba - the Prime Minister. A few days later, an army mutiny, Belgian military intervention by Belgium and supported by the Department of Katanga led to political crisis. After Lumumba appealed for help to the USSR, Kasavubu dismissed him from his post as Prime Minister and supported a military coup in which Prime Minister was Joseph Mobutu (later Mobutu Sese Sekou). After the assassination of Lumumba in February 1961 strengthened the position of Kasavubu. In 1964, hoping to strengthen national unity, he supported the candidacy of Moise Tshombe, leader of the breakaway Katanga, to the post of Prime Minister. In 1965 Kasavubu was overthrown in a coup led by Mobutu, then withdrew from political activity. Died Kasavubu in the village of Bomo in the lower reaches of the Congo March 24, 1969.