KITTS John (Keats John)( The youngest of the major British Romantic poets.)
Comments for KITTS John (Keats John)
Biography KITTS John (Keats John)
Wide recognition came to him only after the publication (1848) edition of his biography and works.
Born October 31, 1795 in Finsbury, north London, eldest son of T. Keats, an employee on a paid stables, then her manager - after marrying the daughter of the owner. John had three brothers (one of whom died in infancy) and sister. Keats's father was killed in April 1804, the mother of ten weeks, remarried, and children grew ten years largely under the tutelage of my grandmother from the mother. Keats's mother died in 1810 of tuberculosis, which was subsequently brought to the grave of her sons.
In 1803-1811 Kitts at school in the nearby Anfield. In 1811 he was a four-year students enrolled in a surgeon. These years were marked by growing interest in poetry, his first poem he wrote in 1814. In 1816 he passed examinations for doctors and pharmacists, but it was with this year due the beginning of his emergence as a poet. In May, Keats published his first poem, a sonnet to solitude, and in the same year wrote a few sonnets and two great poems: I went to the hill - and stopped (?) And Song and Poetry. A year later, he resolutely refused medical career.
Since then, life is inseparable from the poetry of Keats. The first phase of his creative best represent the great poem referred to 1816, inspired by close contact with nature. But with all the richness of the poetic descriptions of nature theme of the poem moves along the chain of associations, directing the reader's attention to the creative possibilities of the human mind. Here, the imagination serves more as a creative and visionary, rather than simply copying nature.
So the young poet is in line with the leading direction of contemporary British art life. By the end of 1816 he made the acquaintance of a prolific poet and journalist Lee Hunt, . publisher 'Observer', . has published poetry Kitts and influenced the formation of his liberal political views, . as well as with artists BR Haydon (1786-1846) and Dzh.Severnom (1793-1879), . who became his close friends,
. He became acquainted with a romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. Kitts engaged in compiling his first book of poems (Poems), . published in April 1817 with a dedication Hunt, . and considered its most ambitious plan for the day - a mythological poem in four thousand lines about love boy Endymion, . Greek royal shepherd, . and Cynthia (or Diana), . virgin goddess of the moon,
. Built between April and November 1817 and published in 1818, the poem Endymion (Endymion) - the source of his more recent and sophisticated creations. Its spoiling the abundance of sweetly-sentimental turns, especially in the depiction of love scenes, some dopey verse, plot flaws and compositional looseness. But at the same time it is summarized and developed everything Kitts while dreaming and what is his imagination, poem signaled his transition to a better understanding of poetry. Desire to Cynthia Endymion becomes a metaphor for the creative thirst and search for a poet of his muse and the source of poetic inspiration and clearly highlights the level of man's spiritual growth
. Poems, . written followed by Endymion, . show, . that the creative imagination of Keats was more inclined to self-torment, . than to return to the joys of the beyond: he could not close his eyes to the brutal truth of human inheritance, . his mind is equally drawn to the tragedy of being, . and fantastic,
. In his letters increasingly sounds praise 'knowledge' and 'philosophy' and not sensibility and imagination. By 'philosophy' Keats understood than abstract reasoning, and reasonable sensitivity and sincerity, the ability to see life in general and to its contradictions.
In June 1818 Keats and his friend Charles Brown made a difficult journey on foot along the edge of the Lake District and Scotland. Persistent sore throat Kitts forced to return home, suffering from tuberculosis, he found his brother Tom in serious condition. All autumn Kitts selflessly caring for dying brother, and partly to escape, he plunged into work on the epic poem, Hyperion (Hyperion). Great work remained unfinished - Kitts completed only the first two books. They open the period of his greatest creativity, but at the same time exhibit signs that Kitts away from reality, absorbed in a consolidation. Plot the overthrow of the Titans, primeval gods of ancient Greece, he had translated in full of tragic allegory, in humanizing the story under the yoke of suffering and grief, in the original parable of the historical evolution of. Death of Tom on December 1 interrupted toil Kitts on Hyperion. Fragments of the third book, written, apparently, later, set forth the myth of Apollo's transfiguration - not so much in the latter-day sun god as the god of poetry. Thus, Keats returned to the theme of Endymion - becoming a poet.
The second half of 1818 is remarkable even by two events in the life of Keats. Published in April, Endymion was attacked by critics of the leading literary magazines, which subsequently led to a touching tale that Keats 'killed' smasher. That same autumn Keats met Fanny Brown eighteen, and immediately fell in love with. This love of reflected light fell on his best romantic poem The Eve of St. Agnes (The Eve of St. Agnes, 1819), full of warmth and cheerful colors, but darkened by the shadow of darkness, cruelty, corruption, the tragic denouement, which barely escaped characters.
The top creative upsurge Kitts occurred in April and May, when they were created five odes, of which four - Ode to Psyche, Ode to the Nightingale, Ode to a Greek vase and Oda Melancholy - belong to the heights of poetry in English. In the odes of Keats appeals to his own thoughts and feelings, to reveal the deep contradictions of his life. Each has its own ode to a composite rod, the central image of the character (eg, Nightingale, or vase), which provokes the lyrical to the dispute with itself. Between the poet and the bird, doomed man and incorruptible, but vnechelovecheskoy beauty of nature and art opens up the abyss. Summer and autumn of 1819 (the last months of his creative life), Keats wrote two remarkable things. In tragic poem Lamia (Lamia), he revealed some of the conflicts, . become typical for him: between fiction and reality, . feeling and thought, . beauty and truth, . - Opened the way, . that his mastery of irony, . skepticism and the gift of psychological analysis first appeared in its entirety,
. Even more startling piece of recycled version of Hyperion - The Fall of Hyperion. Vision (The Fall of Hyperion: A Dream). Kitts dared to first-person narrative, and turned a poem about the divine Apollo in the poem, find a hero that stands by itself, in a poem, thinking about the appointment of the poet in a world where man is doomed to pain, suffering and death.
Since September 1819 Kitts nothing significant has created. His material situation has deteriorated through the fault of his brother George. He became engaged to Fanny Browne, but hopes for an early marriage was not. February 3, 1820 at Keats went neck blood. Thus began a year of it, as he put it, 'posthumous existence'. Keats had time to prepare and issue (July), the third book of poems, which included blshaya of his greatest creations, and in September, had sailed to Italy with Dzh.Severnom, but to fight the disease was already too late. In recent months he had suffered terribly, he pursued the fear of death, but most tormented thoughts of Fanny. Keats died at the hands of the Severn February 23, 1820.