Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz (Clausewitz Carl Philipp Gottlieb)( German military theorist and historian.)
Comments for Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz (Clausewitz Carl Philipp Gottlieb)
Biography Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz (Clausewitz Carl Philipp Gottlieb)
Born June 1, 1780 in Burg, near Magdeburg in the family of official. In 1792 enlisted in the Prussian army cadet, in 1793 took part in the war with France. In 1801 he entered the military school in Berlin. After graduating from college he was appointed adjutant to Prince August of Prussia, together with him was captured by the French in the War 1806-1807. In 1808 G.fon Scharnhorst, the head of the War Ministry and Chairman of the Committee on the reorganization of the army, Clausewitz appointed his Chief of Staff. Clausewitz participated actively in the preparations for the reorganization of the army and soon established a close friendship with A. Gneisenau, the future of General-Field Marshal. In 1810-1812 he taught strategy and tactics officer in the military school, the chief of which was in 1818. He was one of the authors of the document, which put forward the idea of war in alliance with Russia against Napoleon. When in 1812 King Frederick William III, . entering into an alliance with France, . sent troops to participate in the Russian campaign Napoleon, . Clausewitz left Prussia and joined the Russian army, . where he started as a liaison officer to the Chief of Staff Corps,
. In April 1814 he returned to serve in the Prussian army, participated in the Battle of Waterloo June 18, 1815. Formulated their strategic principles, . necessary to achieve victory, . have been applied with success by Prussia in the wars with Austria in 1866 and with France in 1870 and formed the basis of the theory and practice of preparing and conducting military actions of many other states,
. In 1818-1830 Clausewitz was a director of the Universal Military School. When in 1831 a rebellion broke out in Poland and Prussia has put forward its frontier army under the command of Gneisenau, Clausewitz was appointed Chief of Staff. Clausewitz died in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland) 16 November 1831.
The main work of Clausewitz - On War (Vom Kriege, 1833).