Samuel Taylor Coleridge (Coleridge Samuel Taylor)( English poet, philosopher, literary critic.)
Comments for Samuel Taylor Coleridge (Coleridge Samuel Taylor)
Biography Samuel Taylor Coleridge (Coleridge Samuel Taylor)
Born October 21, 1772 in the village of Otter St. Mary's (county of Devonshire), and was the youngest of ten children D. Coleridge, the parish priest and school teacher, theologian and scholar Hebraist. When Coleridge was nine years, . father died suddenly, . and the boy was soon identified the excellent old school at the London Shelter Christ, . mentor Coleridge there was Dr. Dzh.Boyer, . strictly, . but the skill to teach their pupils to compose poetry and prose,
. In Biographia Literaria (lat. - Literary Biography, 1817) Coleridge wrote about him favorably and with genuine warmth. In the shelter of Christ, he also acquired a friend for life, C. Lema, and began to write poetry.
In 1791 Coleridge entered Fellow at Jesus College, Cambridge University. Years in Cambridge marked by two events: he won an ode to the Greek against the slave trade, and in 1793, ran into debt, fled and enlisted in the dragoons. The family bought him out of the army, he returned to Cambridge, but in 1794 left the University, and not receiving a diploma. In the long vacation in 1794 Coleridge met in Oxford with the poet R. Southey. With a group of friends are they planning to organize on the banks of the river Suskuehanny in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, an ideal community called Pantisokratiya. Project did not take place, but led to his marriage to Sara Fricker Coleridge of Bristol, and Southey - her sister Edith.
Coleridge lectured, wrote reviews, published several poems in periodicals. In an effort to make public his views on poetry, politics and public life, he is from March to May 1796 produced ten issues of the weekly 'Guardian' ( 'The Watchman'). In April, the release of his first collection of poems on various topics (Poems on Various Subjects), and in the end of 1796 he wrote an ode to the outgoing year, the first of several bitter complaints about the state of England. He and Sarah moved to Nezer Stowe, began to live in a house where another Coleridge T. Poole, a tanner and patriotic agronomist. They got a second son was born, lived just a few months.
Perhaps the most far-reaching implications for Coleridge was of his acquaintance in the autumn 1795 with William Wordsworth. But the friendship and creative collaboration, perhaps, unprecedented in the history of English literature, it grew only in the spring of 1797. Midnight frost, and, apparently, Kubla Khan. Lyrical Ballads (Lyrical Ballads), without exaggeration, initiating a British Romanticism, saw light in 1798. Tomiki opened Ancient Mariner Coleridge and ends with lines written a few miles from the abbey Tinternskogo Wordsworth. In September, when the Ballad is printed, with Coleridge and Wordsworth's sister Dorothy, sailed to Germany.
In Hamburg, after a memorable meeting with F. Klopstock, their paths split. Coleridge went to Ratzeburg engage the German language, then in the University of Gottingen. He studied everything he could - German dialects, physiology, Biblical criticism. Returning to England in the summer of 1799, he took in September with Southey foot journey to Devonshire. Trip with John and William Wordsworth to the north, in the Lake District, introduced him to the beauties of these places. In July of 1800 Coleridge and Sarah settled in Keswick, adjacent to the Wordsworth. Coleridge are often considered to be Lakers', although in this region, he lived a relatively short time: in Keswick from July 1800 to January 1804 (with breaks) and Grasmire from Wordsworth in August 1808 to October 1810. In Keswick, he wrote the second part of Christabel and the ode Dejection. In August - September 1803 Coleridge and Wordsworth traveled on foot to Scotland. Coleridge abandoned satellites, determined to go alone. Every day he covered an impressive distance in the hope to overcome the habit of opium, which has suffered nearly three years. The attempt failed, and in early 1804 he left for London, hoping to find a warmer edge of medical care and on their liking.
Friends collected money, and in April 1804 Coleridge sailed to Malta. By July, he had served as personal secretary to the Governor of the island A. Bolle. In a creative standpoint, these years were not particularly productive to Coleridge: he made some interesting changes to the text of Tales of the Old Sailor, and wrote several poems. His friendship with American artist William Allston (1779-1843), with whom the poet met in Rome in 1806, greatly influenced the views of both, as Coleridge later told in his lectures (primarily 1812-1814).
Coleridge returned to England in 1806. Poor health, the decision to part with his wife and psychological stress, all kinds of ten years poisoned the life of himself and his friends. In 1807-1808 it fell so much failures and misfortunes, that he was thinking to go to hospital for treatment for drug addiction. The sudden improvement in health allowed Coleridge in August 1808 to come to Grasmir, where he conducted a long-standing plan - was the author and publisher of the philosophical, political, literary and critical journal. 'Friend' ( 'The Friend') brought some losses and, at the exit of the twentieth number, ceased to exist in March 1810. However, this is an important page Heritage Coleridge, published in the 'Other' material he edited in 1812, substantially revised and supplemented in 1818.
In October 1810 Coleridge went to London - again with the hope to cure it and find a job. 1812-1816 - the years of his highly successful, important speeches. In 1811-1812, not including cooperation in 'Courier', he gave two courses of lectures - on Shakespeare and Milton, and later - a third, about Shakespeare and the drama. His lectures were attended by Lord Byron, S. Rogers and other celebrities. In 1813 tragedy Repentance (Remorse), alteration of early drama Osorio (Osorio, 1797), passed the twenty submissions to the 'Drury Lane'. Next three years Coleridge lived in Bristol and the surrounding area, mostly in the family D. Morgan. He was very ill, and he admitted that needs medical attention. But in 1815, Morgan miraculously made it almost entirely dictated Biographia Literaria. Coleridge originally conceived it as a preface to his fourth poetry collection sheets Sibyl (Sibylline Leaves), but eventually came out separate poems
. In 1816 he went through three editions Christabel, . followed - 'secular sermon' Manual statesman (The Statesman's Manual); in 1817, saw the light sheets Sibyl, . Biographia Literaria (in two volumes), . Another 'secular sermon' and rejected Drama Zapol (Zapolya); in 1818 - Discourse on Method (Essay on Method), . third edition of 'friend' and two strong pamphlet in support of the bill on the limitation of working hours for children, . employed in textile mills,
. In the same year he gave two courses of lectures on literature and one on the history of philosophy, which began in December 1818 and ended in March 1819
. After the 1819 publication of the main works of Coleridge - Notes for consideration (Aids to Reflection, . 1825), . work in prose, . dedicated to the philosophy, . piety and literature, new editions of poems (1828, . 1829 and 1834), two editions (both in 1830) a brochure on the situation of Church and State (On the Condition of Church and State),
. Coleridge died in Highgate July 25, 1834.