Arthur CAYLEY (Cayley Arthur)( English mathematician.)
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Biography Arthur CAYLEY (Cayley Arthur)
Born August 16, 1821 in Richmond. He grew up in St. Petersburg, where his father was engaged in trade. He graduated from Trinity College at Cambridge University, became a member of the College in 1842. The first work on mathematics, published in 1841 in 'Cambridge journal' ( 'Cambridge Journal'). In 1843, became a lawyer in London and in the next 20 years of combined practice with studies in mathematics. In 1863 he accepted an invitation to occupy the chair of Pure Mathematics at Cambridge University, where he taught for nearly 30 years. Cayley owns more than 200 papers on various areas of mathematics. Memoirs of the best known forms (Memoirs on Quantics, 1854-1878), in which the Cayley developed the theory of algebraic invariants. Cayley was the first to study the geometry of n-dimensional space and succeeded in elucidating the relationship between projective and metric geometry. Introduced today adopted the notation for the determinant, investigated the differential equations and elliptic functions. In the name of Cayley theorem and the curve named. Cayley died in Cambridge on Jan. 26, 1895.