MAKKHALI Gonzalo( cleric and philosopher, leader д-jдLvika, Jean's older contemporary of Mahavira and Buddha, who taught at 5. BC)
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Biography MAKKHALI Gonzalo
According to Buddhists, Makkhali Gonzalo came from a poor family, and even born in the barn (hence his middle name). By Jain Vyahapannatti, he was born in the family traveled polupoeta-polubarda, but chose the path of asceticism, traveling six years with the founder of Jainism. In Jain tradition Gonzalo after 24 years of wandering in ostanavilsya Shravasti (capital Koshaly), where he founded a community. It is believed that since that time he sends missionaries disacharov ( 'go about the country of the world') to preach his teachings. Gosale initiative belongs to the extreme tightening of ascetic practice: he insisted on nakedness, . strict vegetarianism and raw food diet, . bodily self-mortification, . defending the uselessness of any cultural product (the students in the collection of alms did not use even a bowl),
. The backbone of the community Makkhali Gosaly were representatives of 'middle class' - the merchants and artisans, but to him favored and the courts of north-Indian rulers.
According to the main fragment Samannaphala-Sutta, Gonzalo taught that the world is no place for action, energy and efforts of countless living beings, because everything happens because of universal predestination. All beings are 'replacements' need (niyati), and 'environment' (sangati) and 'own nature' (bhava). Every 8 400 000 periods of the world all people - both wise and fools - are exempt from suffering. Gonzalo built a hierarchy of living beings according to their 'touch': the fixed body and the plants are endowed with only a touch, . lower animals such as worms also have taste, . insects such as ants - the sense of smell, . insects such as mosquitoes - sight, . inhabitants hells, . Mammals, . men and gods - rumor,
. In his hierarchy of people, each of the stages was indicated by color: 'black' - butchers, . hunters and other law breakers nevrezhdeniya-ahimsa, 'blue' - negligent ascetics, 'red' - clad ascetics, 'green' - worldly students undressed; 'white' - ordinary д-jдLvika; 'white-white' - the leaders д-jдLvika headed by Gosaloy.,