Oscar Niemeyer (Niemeyer Oscar)( Brazilian architect)
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Biography Oscar Niemeyer (Niemeyer Oscar)
Born December 15, 1907 in Rio de Janeiro. From 1930 to 1934, studied architecture at the National School of Fine Arts (now the National Institute of Architecture). In 1936, under the guidance of Lucio Costa and Le Corbusier Niemeyer, together with a group of young architects designed the building of the Ministry of Education and Health in Rio de Janeiro. Construction was completed in 1943 and has attracted worldwide attention, not only as a social construction, created using the latest architectural resources, but also as the first example of a continuous solntsemoduliruyuschego screen on one of the facades.
Outside of Brazil, Niemeyer was built by the Brazilian pavilion at the World Exhibition in New York in 1939. In 1974 he acted as chief consultant in the construction of the building of the UN headquarters in New York. In 1955-1956 Niemeyer developed a project of the Museum of Modern Art for the Venezuelan capital of Caracas, while held in 1957 in Berlin, the International Building Exhibition has built a permanent residential unit. In 1966 he completed the design of the headquarters building of the French Communist Party in Paris and a vast housing complex in the town of Grasse, near Nice. In 1957 Niemeyer was appointed chief architect of Brasilia, the new capital. Her master plan was completed Niemeyer, together with Lucio Costa. Niemeyer designed all the major public buildings, including the Presidential Palace (Palace of Dawn), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Palace of arches), houses of Congress, the Supreme Court and finally the Cathedral. Brasilia, earned the title 'the first capital of modern civilization', received its official stutus in 1960.