OCHOA the North (Ochoa Severo)( American biochemist, awarded the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (jointly with A. Kornberg) for the discovery of the mechanism of the biosynthesis of nucleic acids.)
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Biography OCHOA the North (Ochoa Severo)
Born September 24, 1905 in Luarca (Spain). He graduated from the University of Madrid, received a medical degree. In 1936 he left Spain, he worked in the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Heidelberg, then at Oxford University. In 1941 he moved to the U.S.. In 1941-1942 he taught biochemistry at the University of Dzh.Vashingtona in St. Louis. Since 1942 - professor of biochemistry at New York University, in 1954-1974 - Head of Department of Biochemistry, University of.
Ochoa found a bacteria enzyme called them polynucleotide responsible for the synthesis of ribonucleic acid (RNA). In 1955, with the help of this enzyme to synthesize RNA, similar to their natural properties, and used it as a template for protein synthesis. Studied enzymatic reactions of metabolism of carbohydrates, the role of coenzymes in the synthesis of carbohydrates and enzymes in fatty acid oxidation. Participated in work on deciphering the genetic code.
Ochoa died in Madrid on November 1, 1993.