Ambroise PARE (Par Ambroise)( French surgeon, one of the 'fathers' of modern surgery.)
Comments for Ambroise PARE (Par Ambroise)
Biography Ambroise PARE (Par Ambroise)
Born c.. 1510 in Bourg-Ersan near Laval. Studied the craft Barber. Interest in surgery came from Pare, after he attended the operation, which was held by the famous specialist in removing stones Kahlo. Pare went to Paris, where he enrolled in medical school, he attended lectures at the Collц╗ge de France. He worked as an apprentice barber, in the main hospital in Paris, the Hotel-Dieu, where the majority and gained practical knowledge. In 1536 training was held in the hospital and became a military surgeon in the army. Improved and in many ways changed the methods of treatment of gunshot wounds, abandoning their barbaric burning with hot irons or boiling oil and using the imposition of bandages and ointments. Returning in 1539 from the army, passed the exam for the title of 'master barber-surgeon'. Studied anatomy of a famous French anatomist Silviusa. In 1545 published his first work method of treatment of wounds (La Mthode de traicter les playes), written in Old French, not Latin. In 1554 was admitted to the higher birth association of surgeons' Brotherhood of St. Cosmas and Damian '. Was the personal surgeon of four French kings - Henry II, Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III. In 1573 published his two books on surgery (Deux Livres de chirurgie).
Parц╘ successfully employed in the operations of vessels ligature thread, proved that the conduct is necessary to amputate the healthy tissue, first used in the joint amputation, resection of the elbow joint. Proposed and described a number of orthopedic appliances and tires. Introduced in the surgical practice surgery to correct forked ( 'cleft') lips, . developed a method for reconstructing cleft palate ( 'cleft palate'), . improved treatment of fractures, . suggested the use of artificial limbs, . refined many surgical instruments,
. Innovations Pare in obstetrics became the basis of the modern practice of obstetrics. Pare died in Paris on 20 December 1590.