Jean-Franö¿ois Pilö?tre de Rozier, Jean Franö¿ois( French balloonist.)
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Biography Jean-Franö¿ois Pilö?tre de Rozier, Jean Franö¿ois
Born in 1756 in Metz (France). He served as curator of research collections of King Louis XVI. Learning, . that the first manned flight in a balloon Montgolfier brothers supposed to send two people, . sentenced to death, . Jean-Franö¿ois Pilö?tre de Rozier protested against, . that honor to make such a flight will get criminals, . and offered himself as a pilot,
. At his request, the Marquis d'Arland petitioned the king and expressed his desire to personally participate in the rise, along with Jean-Franö¿ois Pilö?tre de Rozier. After receiving consent Louis, balloonists October 15, 1783 rose to the ball, attached the rope to the ground pillars. A year later, on 21 November 1783, was first flown on a freely floating a balloon full of hot air: pilots climbed out of the Bois de Boulogne, flying over the Seine and through the 20 minutes fell to the ground at 8200 m from the launch pad. June 15, 1785 Jean-Franö¿ois Pilö?tre de Rozier and M. Romain balloon, consisting of two containers: the bottom - with heated air and the top - with hydrogen, tried to fly over English Channel. During the flight of sparks under the lower shell exploded a hydrogen balloon and aeronaut died, falling from a height of 900 m on the rocks off the coast of France.