Isidor Isaac Rabi (Rabi Isidor Isaac)( American physicist.)
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Biography Isidor Isaac Rabi (Rabi Isidor Isaac)
Born Rymanow (Austro-Hungary, now Poland), July 29, 1898. The family emigrated to the U.S.. He studied at Cornell and Columbia Universities. In 1924-1927 he worked at City College in New York. In 1927 he defended his doctoral dissertation at Columbia University. From 1927 to 1929 specializing in the universities of Munich, Copenhagen, Hamburg, Leipzig and Zurich. From 1929 he worked at Columbia University (since 1937 - as a professor). During the Second World War he worked at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Works Rabi devoted magnetism, nuclear physics, quantum mechanics, spectroscopy. In 1939, Rabi performed precision measurements of the magnetic moments of proton and deuteron, found in the deuteron quadrupole moment, in 1944 for this work received the Nobel Prize in Physics. Investigations Rabi initiated radiospectroscopy, in 1949-1953, he developed a method for measuring the resonant dipole moment of molecules and the quadrupole moment of atomic nuclei. Subsequently, these results were used to create atomic clocks, laser, nuclear magnetic resonance tomograph. He was awarded the gold medal N. Bohr (1967), the medal 'Atoms for Peace' (1967). Rabi died in New York on January 11, 1988.