Johann Reuchlin (Reuchlin Johann)( German humanist, philologist, expert in Greek and Jewish languages, the author of Staging for Hebraic and Old Testament biblical work on the basis of the Jewish language)
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Biography Johann Reuchlin (Reuchlin Johann)
Born February 22, 1455 in Pforzheim. He studied at the universities of Freiburg im Breisgau, Paris, Basel, Orleans and Poitiers, was the first professor of Greek and Jewish languages in universities in Ingolstadt (1520-1521) and Tц╪bingen (1521-1522). When in 1509 at the request of the Catholic theologians of Cologne University of Emperor Maximilian ordered to burn all Jewish books (except the Bible) because of their hostility to Christianity, Reuchlin had made the abolition of this regulation. Position Reuchlin caused controversy with the Cologne Dominicans and scholastics German universities. Reuchlin rebuff opponents in the form of a pamphlet entitled Optic mirror (Augenspiegel, 1511), which the Vatican described as "a dangerous book, as offensive to pious ears, and too favorable to the Jews'. In 1515 the struggle reached its climax when a group of young humanists sympathizers Reuchlin published a satirical pamphlet Epistolae obscurorum virorum (Letters dark [unknown] people). His name echoed in the correspondence published in 1514 Reuchlin published them in his own defense, - Clarorum virorum epistolae (Letters of the famous [literally, light] people).
Although Reuchlin in his polemical thrusts did not spare Rome, he remained an opponent of the Reformation. Scholars translated many works of ancient literature, published books of Greek, Latin and Jewish languages, wrote two comedies. Reuchlin died in the town of Bad Libentsel near Hirschau June 30, 1522.