Robert Falcon Scott (Scott Robert Falcon)( English polar explorer.)
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Biography Robert Falcon Scott (Scott Robert Falcon)
Born in Devonport June 6, 1868. Joined the Navy in 1880. In 1900 he was appointed the first director of the National Antarctic Expedition on the ship 'Discovery'. Together with Dr. Edward Wilson and Lieutenant Ernest Shackleton explored previously unknown Ross Ice Shelf, has reached its limits of 82 б╟ 16? s.sh. Upon returning to his homeland in 1904 was promoted to captain, commanded the courts 'Viktores', 'Essex' and 'Bulvek'.
In 1909, Scott has organized a new expedition with the support of the governments of Britain and the Dominions to continue research in Antarctica. After leaving at the end of November 1910 from the New Zealand sailing 'Terra Nova', in early January, landed not far from its former base at McMurdo Sound with a detachment, which included military officers and scientists, among whom was Dr. Wilson. The first year was conducted mainly in test campaigns, of which the most famous expedition to Cape Crozier. Detachment was created by a large warehouse (TN. 'warehouse per ton') on the way to the Pole, 200 km from the base.
Scott went to the South Pole on Nov. 1, 1911. Despite delays due to bad weather, Scott, with four companions reached the South Pole on Jan. 17, 1912. On the way back due to harsh weather and exhaustion crossing the Ross Ice Shelf was long, and the party lost two people. Scott, Wilson and Bowers barely broke even four short transition and killed about 20 km from the 'warehouse per tonne'. The exact date of the tragedy is unknown, but the last entry in his diary, Scott made 29 March 1912. Tent with the bodies of travelers, their diaries and collections was found rescue squad on Nov. 12, 1912.