Tilley Paul Johannes (Tillich Paul Johannes)( German-American theologian)
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Biography Tilley Paul Johannes (Tillich Paul Johannes)
Born August 20, 1886 in Shtartseddele (Germany), the son of Lutheran pastor. He studied at the universities of Berlin, Tц╪bingen, Halle, and Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland), in 1912 became pastor of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Brandenburg. During the First World War, Tillich served in the Army chaplain. After the war he taught at the universities of Berlin (1919-1924) and Marburg (1925), the Higher Technical School in Dresden (1925-1929) and University of Frankfurt (1929-1933). Because of his political views had been dismissed from the University of Frankfurt immediately after the rise of Hitler. From 1933 to 1955 was professor of systematic theology and philosophy of religion in the United Theological Seminary in New York. Later he taught at Harvard University (1955-1962). Tillich died in Chicago on Oct. 22, 1965.
Divine order of the universe, believed Tillich, so absolute and unconditional, that we can never comprehend it, based on our own capabilities. However, the belief that Tillich defined as 'marginal captured by the fact that we are concerned of course', not only natural for man, but in general is the foundation of human existence. Tillich finds significant that the modern man engulfed by anxiety, related primarily to blame, death and completely clear the existence. God gives man 'new being', through which people can look death in the face and not fear the end. As a child of God, he is involved in meaningful order, which God gave to his creation. This order can only be felt and expressed - only through symbols. There, . where religion - in its doctrinal or moral codes, . in liturgical or institutional forms of expression - claim to identity with the absolute truth, . it becomes an obstacle to self-revelation of God and a stumbling block for the modern man, . seeking a fundamental belief, . which would suggest that we need for him 'the courage to be',
. For Tillich the main works include: The Protestant Era (The Protestant Era, 1948), Systematic Theology (Systematic Theology, v. 1-3, 1951-1963), Courage to be (The Courage To Be, 1952), the New Being (The New Being, 1955), The Eternal Now (The Eternal Now, 1963).