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Millard Fillmore (Fillmore Millard)

( 13th U.S. President)

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Biography Millard Fillmore (Fillmore Millard)
photo Millard Fillmore (Fillmore Millard)
Born in Locke (District Cayugas, pc. New York City) January 7, 1800. Received only primary education, seeking to study law at the age of twenty he moved to Buffalo. Admitted to the Bar in 1823, took up practice in East Aurore (pc. New York), and soon attracted the attention of influential New York politicians.
In 1828 Fillmore met with T. Widom, who persuaded him to join the anti-Masonic movement. After the election the following year in the legislature of New York, he moved behind Widom in antidzheksonovskoe movement and in 1832 was elected to the House of Representatives. There remained a member of the Chamber with a two-year break until 1842, became the Whig faction, Clay. After the election of W. Harrison, U.S. president in 1840 headed the budget committee, a law on the protective tariff in 1842.

Defeated in an attempt to become a candidate for vice-president and with the support of the faction Clay was nominated in 1844 for governor of New York. After losing in the fall elections, . Fillmore returned to the practice of law, . but after four years, . largely to appease the faction of Clay, . speaking against the nomination of presidential Z. Taylor, . was nominated for vice-president of the Whig,
. After winning the election, presided over the Senate on a stormy debate on slavery and the fate of the territories acquired as a result of the Mexican War.

Fillmore moderately Anti-Slavery opinions, but believed that the problem should be resolved not by force but through compromise. Being after the death of Taylor, July 9, 1850 President, he formed a new cabinet, and in August 1850 sent his first message to Congress, supporting the main provisions of the proposed Clay plan to reach a compromise on slavery. In this he broke with President Taylor, who, though he was a slave-owner from Louisiana, objected to any concessions to the system of slavery. Taylor's death and ascension Filmora were, therefore, one of the main reasons for the adoption of five specific measures that have become integral parts of the Compromise of 1850. Fillmore signed all five and conscientiously tried to hold them in life. His firm stance, in particular on the adoption of the Fugitive Slave Law, was met with hostility abolitionists and cost him support much of the northern wing of the Whig. When Clay died in 1852, Fillmore had lost support within the party and was defeated by General William Scott in the fight for the nomination for the presidency. In addition, many of the delegates to the Whig Congress sought to repeal the Compromise of 1850. The final text of the political party platform contained only a conditional approval of this document. In the original version of his farewell message to Congress Fillmore offered to solve the issue of slavery, 'sending blacks back to Africa'. He left the presidency, still believing in that decision, although the insistence of the Cabinet of the proposal itself was excluded from the presidential address.

Fillmore, explained that their defeat in 1844 at the election for governor of New York State that voted against him, voters who were born outside the United States, after the split became a member of the American Whig Party (Party 'neznaek'). He was nominated by that political group in 1856 for the presidency, but took third place in the elections, giving Dzh.Byukenenu and Dzh.Frimontu. In subsequent years, did not belong to any of the parties, but has consistently supported the idea of negotiation and compromise on slavery, which led ultimately to his support for the 1864 Democratic candidate, General Dzh.Makklellana against Abraham Lincoln. Fillmore died in Buffalo March 8, 1874.

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Millard Fillmore (Fillmore Millard), photo, biography
Millard Fillmore (Fillmore Millard), photo, biography Millard Fillmore (Fillmore Millard)  13th U.S. President, photo, biography
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