Johann Eckhart (Eckhart Johannes)( The famous medieval German mystic and theologian, who taught about the presence of God in all that exists.)
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Biography Johann Eckhart (Eckhart Johannes)
(ca. 1260 - ca. 1328), known as Meister Eckhart
Born into a noble family in Hohhayme ca. 1260. Having entered the Dominican Order, he studied at the Dominican school and became a master of theology in 1302. As a man of exceptional intellectual gifts, he had to defend the positions of the Dominican order in public disputes with the Paris theologians. This allowed him to take a high position in the administration of the Order and become a provincial Saxony (1304). First, in Strasbourg (1314-1322), and then in Cologne, huge crowds flocked to hear him preach. But in 1326 he was accused of heresy and brought before a tribunal chaired by the Archbishop of Cologne. Denying his guilt, Eckhart appealed to the Pope. In 1327 in Avignon, he again appeared before the ecclesiastical court, and in 1329 Pope John XXII issued a bull condemning 28 theses, drawn from the works of Eckhart. Eckhart died between 1327 and 1329, but the exact date, place and circumstances of his death are unknown. From the papal bull, it is clear that shortly before his death he expressed a willingness to abide by the decision of the Holy See.
Effect Eckhart on his contemporaries and followers - Johannes Tauler, Heinrich Suso, Reysbruka, Marquard from Lindau, etc.. - Was very significant. However, in his writings lay the stamp of heresy, and by the end of the Middle Ages it was almost forgotten. Interest in his teaching was resumed only in the early 19.
Eckhart taught that God has no existence outside. God is present throughout, but especially - in the human soul. A man in his sinful state, is not aware of the divine presence. Only purified from all sinful, he can prepare his soul to mystical union with God, what is the main purpose of human existence. Achieving this goal is ensured not merit rights, but granted him through the grace. No human language can not describe this greatest of all available human mystical experiences, which Eckhart calls "the birth of the Son in the soul