Hmyrja Alexei Mikhailovich( proletarian poet.)
Comments for Hmyrja Alexei Mikhailovich
Biography Hmyrja Alexei Mikhailovich
(29.III.1887, Smolensk - 24.IH.1911, Kherson penitentiary)
Born in the family of the railway. He studied at the Smolensk shestiklassnom School. Did not finish it because of logistical difficulties. In 1902, Mr.. moved to his brother in g. Nikolaev. He worked at a shipyard apprentice plumber. Ibid joined the revolutionary work. Entry into RSDLP. For revolutionary activity four times imprisoned. He died in prison of tuberculosis at age 24. Lyrics G. focused on the theme of revolutionary struggle in the spirit of proletarian poetry of those years. In many poems there is the motif of sacrifice and self-sacrifice in the name of a revolutionary idea. Many of his poems, written by Mr.. in prison, did not survive. In the press got only a small chast.Nekotorye published in the "Star", "Pravda, in clandestine leaflets. In 1926, Mr.. Moscow released a compilation of his surviving poems, "Behind Bars". Subsequently (1957-65 gg.) Poems have been reprinted with the addition of letters and recollections. The last book "The Scarlet Song" was released in 1968,. (Moscow: Sov.Rossiya).
Lyrics G. marked undoubted talent. Some of them set to music. Shostakovich included verses G. in its cycle "Choral Song" composer Margarita Kusso not poetry G. created a series of "Five songs."
Lit.: Trofimov and. Writers Smolensk. - M., 1973; Revolutionary Poetry 1890-1917. - L., 1950; Alekseeva O.B. The oral poetry of the Russian workers. - L., 1971.