Aleksei Petrovich Ermolov( General of the Ordnance (1817), a member of the State Council, the holder of all Russian orders, the hero of the Patriotic War of 1812,)
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Biography Aleksei Petrovich Ermolov
(24.V.1777, Orel province - 11.IV.1861)
Diplomat (as an ambassador to Persia), the conqueror and the "proconsul" of the Caucasus, memoirist. Negative attitude toward serfdom, autocracy, "Arakcheyev, aristocracy. Renounced the title of Count. His popularity was immense. Estimated ASGriboedov, A.S. Pushkin, M.Yu.. Lermontov, Tolstoy, and others, one of the most educated, talented and most intelligent men of his era. Repeatedly visited the Smolensk region in times of war 1812. (Chief of Staff, 1 st Army M.B. Barclay de Tolly), and in youth. He was a political circle in the Smolensk province, led by his older brother on his mother п-.п°. Kakhovsky. During the investigation, "Smolensk case" 1798. Among the evidence appeared the letter E. intercepted by the Government. Twice he was arrested and was imprisoned in Alekseevskii ravelin fortress, then exiled to Kostroma province, but later pardoned by Alexander I. E. sympathized with the Decembrists, who planned, if successful uprising, to transfer power to the Provisional Government of the four most influential figures in the progressive circles in Russia: A.P. Ermolov, MM. Speransky, NS. Mordvinova, P.D. Kiseleva. In the spirit of opposition, patronage Decembrists exiled to the Caucasus E. was in 1827, Mr.. in the prime of his dismissal from service. In 1855, Mr.. during the Crimean War, was elected chief of the militia at once in seven provinces, including Smolensk, despite the demands of the Government to withdraw the nomination. E. accepted the post of the Moscow province. On the human qualities of E. said that, while not a rich man, he donated large sums for the benefit of the wounded compatriots.
Lit.: The history of birth of the Russian Nobility. - Kn. 2. - M., 1991. - P. 258-262; Semenov AV. Provisional Revolutionary Government in the plans of the Decembrists. - M., 1982. - P. 103-141; Nechkina M.V. Griboyedov and the Decembrists .- M., 1977. - P. 220-260.