Borowski (BOROVSKY-BRODSKY), David L.( People's Artist of Russia, laureate of State Prize of Russia, corresponding member of the Russia Academy of Arts)
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Biography Borowski (BOROVSKY-BRODSKY), David L.
Born July 2, 1934 in Odessa. Father - Borovsky, Brodsky Lev. Mother - The Bohr-Brody Bertha Moiseevna. Wife - Pisnaya Marina Isaakovna. Son - Alexander Borovsky Davidovich.
In the years 1947-1950 David Bohr studied at the Kiev Art School. With 15 years working in professional theaters in Kiev - first as an artist-performer, then as artistic director.
. Creativity David Borowski, largely reversed the development of Russia's staging of the second half of XX century, has updated its language, has helped return to the stage of discovery of Meyerhold
It so happened that the beginning of his work coincided with the renewal of the country. In 1956, NS. Khrushchev appears with the famous paper "On the personality cult of Stalin". It starts with a long, painful path of liberation from Stalinism. In the same year, David Borovsky released his first performance as an art director in Kiev Russian Drama Theater named after Lesya Ukrainka ( "Lying on his long legs" E. De Filippo). So everything came together ...
During the Khrushchev "thaw" from oblivion return of the repressed and destroyed the names of artists, including Vsevolod Meyerhold. And from the camps and links back those who survived, including Leonid Varpakhovskii - a pupil and a member of Meyerhold. Directed Varpakhovskii praised the talent of young Borovsky, which subsequently put a lot of performances, including "At the bottom of the M. Gorky, after which the name Borowski resound throughout the country. In 1959 the artist met in the work with another Meyerhold - director Vasily Fyodorov. So what about the creative principles of Meyerhold Borovsky learned firsthand.
Leonid Varpakhovskii introduced Borowski, Yuri Lyubimov. By the time the director was already familiar with his works, . in particular with sketches of scenery for the play "The Lower Depths", . represented in the famous exhibition of paintings of the theater and cinema, . 50-anniversary of Soviet power, . which was then held in the Manege,
. Sketches for Borowski liked the director, and he offered him cooperation.
In 1965 in Kiev Borovsky as an artist staged his first performance on the opera stage - Katerina Ismailova D. Shostakovich. In 1966, BA. Lviv-Anokhin invited him to Moscow's chief artist of the Moscow Drama Theater named after KS. Stanislavsky, and in 1967 he moved to the Taganka Theater to work on the show "Alive" by B. Mozhayeva.
Since then, more than 30 years, Bohr worked main artist Taganka Theater. This scene became his artistic home, studio, permanent partner, whose presence does not hide from the audience. Here the artist made with YU.P. Lyubimov over 20 performances. In essence, he co-wrote such famous productions Taganka as "Exchange", "Comrade, believe ..."," Alive "," Mother, "" The Dawns Here Are Quiet ...", "Hamlet," "House on the Embankment "," Vysotsky ", etc.. The most recent work - a performance of Sharashka "(based on the novel A. Solzhenitsyn's First Circle "). However Lyubimov Borovsky put on many plays and drama and opera houses of Europe.
David Borovsky role in shaping the style and ideology Taganka Theater are well known and acknowledged. However, he not only gave much theater, but absorbed by his. They formed the basic principles of its scenery, which has had such a strong influence on the theater of the country. They are not standing still, these principles are not fossilized, develop, as all living things, but it was then formed, in the 1970's.
Central to the artist's work is a unique blend of acute conventionality with piercing truth of life. This combination of previously achieved on the stage, but in different theaters and different artists have. In Borowski, convention and truth together in one unit. Typically, he wrote the play of the very few and very simple elements. He likes to introduce real household things from real life, familiar to viewers and a profound personal memories. Associative field of its staging large and powerful. Knowing how amazingly accurately find (or build) the necessary thing, bearing imprints of the life of entire generations, it puts her in a sudden and sharp theatrical context that makes the play along with the actors and help them. And the thing home, while remaining itself, acquires in the course of the play more new meanings are not domestic, but of a philosophical nature. Gaming life things in the play Bohr calls "attraction" to which he can turn old doors in St. Petersburg home ( "Crime and Punishment" P. Dostoevsky), chairs of the marginal kinoshki ( "Vladimir Vysotsky"), camouflage body of the front truck ( "The Dawns Here Are Quiet" B. Vasiliev), and other things nontheatrical. Deprived of nostalgic admiration, they are reminded of life for generations, and explain that life.
D.L. Borovsky conceives and writes the play as the score. His set designs are born in the calculation of the exact and organic interaction with acting, musical number, the changing light and t. n. With a clear directorial gift, as a true art director, he does not assume the responsibilities of the director, but happy when he is able to build a performance partiturno. In addition to the tasks that set the play and direction, set designer for many of purely artistic problems, which solves Borovsky strictly and elegantly. With absolute "composite ear", he builds his songs from the few scenic elements, seeking in each case, the optimal solution space, structural clarity, completeness of compositional. His spatial construction reminiscent of Constructivism 1920, and the manner of drawing - "severe style" 1960. But still the main force Borowski - an amazing sense of life and bold simplicity, whether it be the legendary curtain of "Hamlet" (1971, Moscow), or the decision of "The Cherry Orchard" (1995, Athens).
. Directors love and love to work with Borowski, . to whatever school they belong to: Leonid Varpakhovskii, . George Tovstonogov, . Anatoly Efros, . Istvan Horvai, . Valery Fokin, . Oleg Efremov, . Leonid Heifets, . Galina Volchek, . Oleg Tabakov, . Lev Dodin, . Mikhail Levitin ..,
. The artist had worked abroad, including Italy, Germany, Hungary, France, Finland, United States. A total of its artistic heritage - some 150 performances.
Son of David Davidov - Alexander - is also set designer. After graduating from the Faculty of staging Moscow Art Theater School (course Malygin), since 1986 he has been working in the Moscow theater studio under the guidance O.P. Tabakov and is now the chief artist theater. Among his works - plays "The Lark", . "Crazy Jourdain", . "Armchair", . "Biloxi Blues", . The "hole", . "Oversupplied bochkotara", . "Ordinary Story", . "Sailor's Silence", . "Nord-Ost", . "Don Juan", . Star Time, local time ", . Passion Bumbarash ", . Death Magnet, . "Sublimation of love", . "Art", . "And Van Gogh, . "Love as militarism", . "The Stationmaster", . "Father", . "The Lower Depths.,
. Borovsky - People's Artist of Russia. He was awarded the State Prize of Russia (1998), the Independent National Award "Triumph" (1994), he won many domestic and foreign awards. Repeatedly took part in PQ, Gold Medal (1971), Grand prix (1975).
Lives and works in Moscow.