APOLLONIA (Apollonios Dyskolos)( Greek grammars)
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Biography APOLLONIA (Apollonios Dyskolos)
Apollonius, Apollonios, surnamed Dyskolos (unsociable), the first half of II century BC., Greek grammarian, lived in Alexandria. Origin nicknames unsociable was not clear already in antiquity. A. and his son Herodian were the most eminent grammarians of the Empire period, all our knowledge of the grammar of later times are based primarily on their work. A. numerous writings developed the theory of stress, prosody and morphology. It came from the theoretical propositions, using the principle of analogy (Aristarchus of Samothrace, Crates of Mull). From the works of A. preserved: 3 small (about pronouns, the unions, adverbs) and 1 lot of work on the syntax of 4 books, the only surviving Greek work on this topic. Thanks to systematic linguistic material, A. became the founder of the science of Greek grammar and syntax. He was subsequently authority in all the grammar, especially syntax, issues, recognized throughout the Middle Ages. Work A. actively used Pristsian.