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Amet-Khan Sultan

( Twice Hero of the Soviet Union)

Comments for Amet-Khan Sultan
Biography Amet-Khan Sultan
photo Amet-Khan Sultan
(20. 10. 1920 - 1. 2. 1971)


A met Sultan Khan Captain - Squadron 9 th Odessa Red Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (6 th Guards Fighter Division, . 8-th Air Army, . Southern Front),
. Born October 20, 1920 in Alupka now Yalta Republic of Crimea in the family working. Father lakets (a native of village Tsovkra Dagestan), mother - Crimean Tatar. Member of the CPSU since 1942. In 1937 S.Amet Khan graduated from the 7 classes and enrolled in a railway factory school in Simferopol. After graduation he worked as a fitter in a railway depot in Simferopol. Simultaneously, he studied at the flying club who successfully graduated in 1938.

In the Red Army from February 1939. In 1940, after the 1-st Kachin Red Banner military aviation school after AF Myasnikov the rank of junior lieutenant is a short-lived in Bobruisk and since the summer of 1940 sent to the 4 th Fighter Regiment (the Odessa Military District), . stationed near Chisinau,
. Flying the I-15 and I-153. In Moldova, met the war.

At the same June 22 1941goda youngest pilot 4-Fighter Regiment Sultan Amet-Khan performed several sorties on fighter-153 reconnaissance and ground attack on the advancing enemy. After this battle path of the famous aviator passed through the sky south of Ukraine. Fall of 1941 S.Amet Khan covers the sky Rostov-na-Donu. Winter of 1942 the regiment re-learn to Hurricanes L.

Since March 1942 4 th Fighter Regiment T in the defense of the city of Yaroslavl. Here, in the sky over the ancient Russian city, Sultan Amet-Khan claimed his first aerial victory. May 31, 1942, having spent all the ammunition in the attacks, he rammed an enemy bomber Ju-88 L, striking his left wing from the bottom. Upon impact Hurricane L S.Amet Khan stuck in a light tan L Junkers. Fortunately, the pilot managed to escape from the cabin of his plane and jump out of the falling oblomkovna parachute. For this feat Sultan Amet-Khan was awarded the nominal clock elected honorary citizen of the city of Yaroslavl L.

. L assuring 1942 S.Amet Khan was fighting near Voronezh on the plane Yak-1, and since August 1942goda YAK-7B involved in the Battle of Stalingrad
. Here, in the fiery skies of Stalingrad, he proved himself as the acknowledged ace and was included in the ad hoc group formed to counter the German aces. The group, except S.Amet Khan, entered recognized aces: future twice Heroes of the Soviet Union VD Lavrinenkov, AK Ryazanov, Stepanenko, and future heroes of the Soviet Union IG Borisov, and B . Eremin. At Stalingrad S.Amet Khan was shot down and escaped a second time with the help of a parachute.

. In October 1942 the Sultan Amet-Hanstanovitsya commander of the 3rd squadron 9 istrebitelnogoaviatsionnogo Guards regiment of which he fought until the end of the war.

. After relearning to Aerocobra L, he participated in the liberation of Rostov-on-Don, in the bitter air boyahna Kuban, in the liberation of Taganrog, Melitopol Crimea
. In January 1944 vpare with his wingman, Hero of the Soviet Union Ivan Borisov, S.Amet Khan forced to land on their airfield German liaison aircraft L Fizler-Storch. After a brief acquaintance with the stranger to his cabin airplane, he made it solo flight. After a rest in summer 1944 iperehoda a new fighter La-7, S.Amet Khan was fighting in East Prussia, is involved in the capture of Berlin.

. P last one a dogfight assistant commander of the regiment on the air-rifle Service Guard Major SultanAmet Khan held April 29, 1945 over the airfield Tempelhof, knocking Focke-Wulf-190 L.

. Altogether during the war onsovershil 603 sorties (70 of them T nashturmovku manpower and equipment of the enemy) has 150 air battles, in which 30 and knocked himself in the group 19 enemy aircraft.

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star Medal, the squadron commander 9 th Odessa Red Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment Captain Amet-Khan Sultan was awarded on Aug. 24, 1943.,

. In the Torah medal "Gold Star" assistant commander of the air service rifle of the same regiment (1-Air Army) Guard Major Amet-Khan Sultan was awarded July 26, 1945.


Fter the war, by order of the Supreme Commander of all the pilots aces were sent to study at the Academy
. Since August 1945 S.Amet Khan T Listener Air Force Academy in Monino. Education was very difficult, let us know about a lack of education. And in early 1946, the pilot submits a report, which honestly wrote: soberly weighing the level of their knowledge, do not see the possibility dalneysheyucheby. So please expel me because am not sure that endure five years of study at the Academy L. His report was satisfied, and in April 1946, Lieutenant Colonel Sultan Amet-Khan was transferred to the reserve.

However, the pilot could not live without the sky and therefore all the forces seeking to return to the flight profession. Long vremyaeto he failed. Blame was his nationality (he is always in the questionnaires indicated that he T Tatar), because at the time of the Crimean Tatars were deported from their homeland and accused of aiding Nazis. But thanks to the support and assistance to military friends in February 1947 S.Amet Khan became a test pilot in Flight Research Institute.

W a short time he became one of the best test. In 1949 it was granted the third grade test pilot, in January 1950 T the second class, and in September 1952 Sultan Amet-Khan has become a test pilot in Class 1. He successfully carries out a variety of tests.

. In 1947, T 1949, respectively, together with SN Anokhin and NS Rybko S.Amet Khan testing a flying laboratories LL-1 (with straight wings) and LL-2 (with the wing swept to 30 ?) P Construction . Tsybina B.
. Flying Lab towed to a height, and after uncoupling translated into a dive (corner T 45 ?) with the inclusion of gunpowder engine (15 seconds). Rise gliders was performed on a special cart, dropped after takeoff, and landing on the landing skis T. During the tests on the UV-2 was achieved speed is equal to M = 0.87 (M T Mach number). In these flights at transonic skorostyahbyl received extensive experimental data on the measurement of aerodynamic characteristics, the pressure distribution on the wing and tail. In Flight surveyed movement of shocks on the wing.

July 22, 1948 at the LL-1 after takeoff not separated trolley. There was a critical situation: the pilot was unable to board the trolley, as it was not equipped with brakes, and a flying laboratory would be rolled out beyond the runway. However S.Amet Khan, with courage and composure, carried out a successful landing. He landed the glider in the beginning of the band and continued attempts to clear the bogie. At the very end of the band that he managed. Trolley rolled away further, and the glider stayed Betonka.

. In 1949 S.Amet Khan with AP Yakimov conducts refinement of automatic refueling method a wing on the wing L, which developed a staff FRI VS Vasyanin and I. Rustle
. In June 1949, together with II Shelest S.Amet Khan on TU-2 carries the country's first fully automated aerial refueling.

. In late 1949 YI Vernikov and S.Amet Khan performed its first flight on an experimental weatherproof two-seat fighter-interceptor OKB Mikoyan I-320 ( P-2 L) and in 1949-1950 conducted its factory test.

. In 1951-1953 S.Amet Khan, together with SN Anokhin, FI Burtsev and VG Pavlov were conducted comprehensive testing of manned aircraft analog projectile COP ( Comet-3 L)
. Air-to-analog (called R) was designed for testing aircraft projectile COP-type air-to-ship L in manned mode. Replacement is hung on the Tu-4KS, the aircraft carrier gained 3000 meters, after which uncoupled analog-aircraft. Already in freefall Automatic includes engines isamolet-projectile flying target. During the tests on this topic S.Amet Khan made its first flight to the land (4 January 1951), the first launch from an aircraft carrier (in May of 1951) and a large number of flights from detaching from the aircraft carrier. After a cutaway engine aircraft shells at once does not start, and only because of aging S.Amet Khan, . does not leave the car, . and continues to attempt to start the engine (which were crowned with success only in the ground), . The prototype was saved,
. For these tests Sultan Amet-Khan was awarded the Stalin Prize 2 nd degree (t.e.Gosudarstvennaya Prize of the USSR).

. In the years 1957-1958 S.Amet Khan together with VG Pavlov, and VP Trofimov was carried out similar work on the aircraft-simulator SM-20, designed for testing equipment cruise missile system K-20
. During testing, GM-20 suspended from the TU-95 K.

In 1953 S.Amet Khan flights were conducted to investigate the stability of the controllability of the aircraft at supersonic flight. These flights were carried out on the plane SI-10 with controllable slats and turning stabilizer, established on the basis of the MiG-17.

. Many flights were carried S.Amet Khan for testing ejection systems from a variety of aircraft
. November 12, 1958, during testing ejection seats for aircraft Su-7 and Su-9 test-paratrooper VI Golovin, the Mig-15UTI explosion of gunpowder cartridge firing mechanism of the catapult. A punctured fuel tank of the aircraft, both cabins were flooded with fuel, there was a threat of fire. VI Golovin could not leave the plane due to deformation of ejection seat. Therefore S.Amet Khan took a courageous decision to put the aircraft. Planting was done flawlessly and life companion was rescued.

. April 7, 1959 Sultan Amet-Khan made its first flight Nahe ksperimentalnom airplane design PV Tsybina HM-1, and then in 1959-1960, together with R. Zakharov conducted its tests.

. A great place to ispytatelnoydeyatelnosti S.Amet Khan took the test aircraft engines at the various flying laboratories.

. September 23, 1961 S.Amet Khan was awarded the title Honored Test Pilot of the USSR L ( mark T 38)
. For vremyaletnoy work he has mastered about 100 types of aircraft, its raid was 4237 hours.

M ill famed aviator in the town of Zhukovsky, Moscow region. February 1, 1971 Sultan Amet-Khan died when performing a test flight on a flying laboratory Tu-16, designed to test a new jet engine. He was buried in Moscow, the Novodevichy cemetery.

. Double-A Hero of the Soviet Union SultanAmet Khan was awarded 3 orders of Lenin, . 4 Orders of the Red Banner, . Order of Alexander Nevsky, . Order of the Patriotic War, 1 st degree, . Order of the Red Star, . Order of Honor L and 6 medals.,

. His name is given to streets in Alupka, Volgograd, Zhukovsky, Makhachkala, Dagestan mountain peak in
. Bronze bust of the famous aviator set in his hometown of Alupka, as well as in Makhachkala.


Biography provided by AE Melnikov

. ---
. Sources:
. 1) Aircraft: Encyclopedia
. - Moscow: Great Encyclopedia of Russia, 1994.
2) Air Force: Encyclopedia. - Moscow: Great Encyclopedia of Russia, 1994.
3) Andreev SA. Perfect their immortal. - Kn. 2. - M.: "High School", 1986.
4) Andreev SA. Perfect their immortal. - Kn. 2. - M.: "High School", 1986.
5) Butaev B.B. Amet-Khan Sultan. - M.: Politizdat, 1990.
6) Butaev B.B. Amet-Khan Sultan. - M.: Politizdat, 1990.
7) Vasin, VP, AA Simonov, testers FRI, Zhukovsky. Aviats. Archives. yard, 2001
8) The Great Patriotic War 1941-1945: Events. People. Dokumenty.-Politizd.1990
9) The Great Patriotic War 1941-1945: Events. People. Dokumenty.-Politizd.1990
10) Heroes and exploits. - Kn. 4. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1966.
11) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
12) Double Heroes of the Soviet Union. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1973.
13) Zaitsev, AD, Roshchin II, Solovyov VN. Enrolled perpetuity. Kn. 1. M.: Politiz, 1990.
14) Wings of the Motherland. - M.: DOSAAF, 1983.
15) People of the immortal exploits. Moscow submarine v.1 1975
16) Puterbrot A.T. Battle Fame Dagestan. - Makhachkala: Dagestan kn. ed., 1988.
17) A Simonov. Amet-Khan Sultan. / Wings of the Motherland. - 2001. - 4.
18) The Soviet aces. - M.: "Eastern Front", 1996.

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