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Gnusarev Alexander Yakovlevich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Gnusarev Alexander Yakovlevich
photo Gnusarev Alexander Yakovlevich
(28. 3. 1922 - 17. 3. 1971)

A LEXANDER Ya Gnusarev, Corporal, arrows 1 st Battalion, 883rd Infantry Regiment (193rd Red Banner Rifle Division, 65 Army, the Central Front). Born March 28, 1922 in a. Alekseyevka Arkadak district of Saratov region. Russian. Graduated 6 classes. Prior military service during the three years he worked as a tractor on the farm "Land of the Soviets.

In 1942 he was mobilized into the Red Army. From February until October 1943 on the Don, Central and Belorussian fronts. Took part in the final battle to defeat the enemy on the banks of the Volga, in the Battle of Kursk, the liberation of Ukraine and Belarus. Seriously wounded on Oct. 16, 1943. Prior to May 1945 was treated in hospital. For military distinction awarded two medals.

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Gratsiansky Gnusarevu awarded Oct. 30, 1943 for bravery and courage, . shown during the Dnieper crossing, . capture and hold a bridgehead on the right bank.,

. Fter the demobilization of the Soviet Army AY
. Gnusarev worked on the farm "Land of the Soviets". In 1952 he moved to Saratov and served in the fire, Mr.. Saratov. Died March 17, 1971.

At the end of September 1943 the division, which served Gnusarev, went to the Dnieper River near the village of Loew and attempted to cross the river on the run. This attempt was unsuccessful: the enemy advance took up defensive positions on the western bank of the river and held under heavy fire. Parts began systematic preparations for crossing.

October 15 battalion commander summoned a group of men, selected in the companies for mission-critical tasks. Chatting with each of them, he declared that before crossing the main forces battalions to destroy the two-ambrazurny machine-gun bunker on the western bank of the river. Gnusarev was appointed commander of the group.

Remains of the Day Party held at the observation point gunners, studied the bunker, the approaches to it, the nature and behavior of the enemy's defense. Blockhouse, which was to destroy the group of Young Communists, was listed as a target for gunners Б∙╖ 101. It was located at an altitude of bend in the river. From this bunker the Germans could keep both frontal and flanking fire along the rivers.

Long before dawn on Oct. 16 Gnusarev with his comrades launched the rubber inflatable boat. Five men sat at the oars, three watched. The boat has not yet passed the middle of the river, as the darkness light pierced the enemy's missiles. Marines were found. The Nazis opened fire from one hundred and first bunker. Our artillery responded powerful raids around the site of the upcoming crossing.

As the boat to the shore of the enemy the enemy fire intensified. In addition to machine guns, firing from the trench tommy. One machine-gun fire whipped by boat. Three soldiers were killed. A minute later from enemy bullets killed three more. Gnusarev left alone with a friend. Working the oars, the men continued struggling to row to shore.

A few meters from the coastal edge comrade was slain by an enemy bullet. Gnusarev left alone. The boat was rip with machine guns and began to sink. With a gun on his neck and a bundle of grenades in both hands Gnusarev jumped into the icy water. Fortunately, it was too shallow, and his feet touched the bottom. The Nazis believed that all of our landing, who was in the boat died.

Meanwhile Gnusarev got ashore and crawled closer to the bunker. In an open entrance, one after another flew two bundles of hand grenades. Flames flashed from the embrasures, there were two deaf explosion. Two machine-guns of the enemy, together with the calculations have been destroyed.

In the first rays of morning sun on the ruins of the bunker fluttered scarlet flag. The battalion began its crossing of the Dnieper. Gnusarev fought off the enemy were pressing until reinforcements. Badly wounded, he was unconscious evacuated from the battlefield and before May 1945 was treated in hospital.

1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968

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Gnusarev Alexander Yakovlevich, photo, biography
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