(15. 12. 1917 - 2. 7. 1972)
Mr. olovachev Pavel Yakovlevich fighter pilot. Born December 15, 1917 in the village now Koshelevo Buda-Gomel region in a peasant family. Belorus. Member of the CPSU since 1943. After graduating in 1935, the city of Novo-Belitsa FZU school, worked as a lathe and milling machine to lesokombinat. A forward factory fudbolnoy team. At the same time engaged in the Gomel Aeroclub. In 1938, for the Komsomol sent to the 8-th Odessa military aviation school pilots named PD Osipenko, which finished in late 1940. Directed to serve in the 168 th Fighter Regiment, stationed in the Crimea.
The beginning of World War II met at Jassy. He flew to attack the enemy on the I-16. On the second day of the war brought down his first plane - Me-109, but he himself was wounded. In October 1941, was transferred into the 69-th Odessa Aviation Regiment under the command of Hero of the Soviet Union, L. Shestakova.
In oeval in the skies of Stalingrad. At LaGG-3 shot down several enemy planes. After the Battle of Stalingrad was appointed commander level. Distinguished itself in battles near Rostov-on-Don and in the Donbas. In March 1943, over Bataisk in a group Yak-1 entered into battle with 100 bombers and 60 fighters. Skillfully maneuvering to defend each other against unexpected shocks, our pilots destroyed 42 enemy aircraft, losing 3 of its. In this battle Golovachyov brought his personal account to 18 victories.
. He fought in the skies of the Crimea and near Melitopol.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" commander of the 9 th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (6 th Guards Fighter Division, . 8-th Air Army, . 4-th Ukrainian Front) Guard lieutenant Pavel Yakovlevich Golovacheva awarded Nov. 1, 1943 for 225 combat sorties, . 92 air battles and personally shot down 17 enemy planes.,
. Freed Byelorussia, Lithuania
. During the first battles in East Prussia, Dec. 30, 1944, . while in the free search for La-7 fighter paired with NI Cernik, . in the area of the city Troyburg at an altitude of 9000 m found an air reconnaissance of the enemy, . heading towards our troops, . and joined with him in battle,
. 4 times he attacked the enemy, but the Ju-188, maneuvering, all the time went from under fire. Golovacheva managed to hit the arrow and set fire to the plane, but the German pilot was able to knock down the flames. When ammunition ran out, Golovachev moved the throttle all the way and close, slashed a screw on the tail of "Junkers". He fell down. Waking after impact, led his fighter out of a steep dive and with great difficulty have lasted up to their airfield. It was his 20 th victory. For courage in this battle, was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. Until the end of the storming of Kц╤nigsberg on the same plane shot down 10 more enemy, then handed it to the museum.
. In the Torah medal "Gold Star" deputy commander of the squadron of the same regiment (303rd Fighter Air Division, 1 st Air Army, the 3rd Belorussian Front), Guard Captain Golovachev PO Box
. awarded 29 June 1945 for 385 combat missions and personally shot down 26 enemy planes.
Altogether during the war, made 457 sorties, 125 combat aircraft shot down in person 31 and in group 1 enemy plane. His last victory was won by 25 April 1945 in the skies of Berlin (shot down 2 FW-190).
Fter the war he continued service in the Air Force. In 1951 he graduated from the Red Banner Air Force Academy in 1959 - the Military Academy of the General Staff. Major General Aviation (1957) Golovachyov served in senior positions in the Soviet Army. Awarded 2 orders of Lenin, 6 orders of the Red Banner, Order of the Patriotic War of 1 degree, 2 orders of Red Star and medals.
Fter a short illness, died July 2, 1972. Buried in Minsk. Bronze bust installed at home - in the village Koshelevo. In the city of Gomel is a monument to the hero, his name street, school, a museum. In the town of town of Lviv region in the street its name is a memorial plaque. Honorary Citizen of New-Belica.
Biography provided by AE Melnikov
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