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Alex Gratsiansky

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Alex Gratsiansky
photo Alex Gratsiansky
(20. 3. 1905 - 20. 1. 1987)

Mr. ratsiansky Alexei Nikolayevich - Test Pilot Class 1 (1945). Born March 20, 1905, Kiev. In 1917-1919 he lived in the city of Berdichev Zhytomyr region. Childhood and youth held in Kyiv. In 1919-1921 worked as a trainee fitter at the plant "Remvozduh-6, which repaired aircraft engines. Since the summer of 1921 ? student of the Kiev Polytechnic Institute. Engaged in the ethos of the club at the institute, participated in the All-glider competitions in Koktebel. Their practice in factories "Dux" (Moscow) and "Red Pilot" (Leningrad).

Since January 1925 took place in practice CB KA Kalinin, where he took an active part in designing an aircraft K-1. In the spring of 1928 he defended his thesis project is an engineer-mechanic in the aircraft industry and job training he graduated from Kharkov Aviation School GVF. Worked in KB KAKalinin in Kharkov aerodynamics engineer, was involved in designing aircraft K-2, K-4, K-5, K-7, was the lead designer of aircraft K-3. In 1931 designed and built at the Kharkov aircraft factory double training aircraft "Omega". At the National competition of this project was awarded first prize.

In 1928, simultaneously with the design work involved in flight test work at KB KAKalinin. Participated in the testing of aircraft K-4, K-5, K-6, K-9, K-10. Autumn 1931 when the plane K-5 completed flight Kharkiv ? Rostov-na-Donu ? Mineral Waters Krasnovodsk ? ? ? Ashgabat Samarkand Tashkent ? ? ? Orenburg Samara Penza ? ? Kharkiv, . 1932 ? flight on the route Kiev Kharkov ? ? ? Vinnitsa Zhitomir ? ? Odessa Nikolaev Kherson ? ? ? Zaporozhye Makijivka Kramatorsk ? ? Kharkiv.,

. From January 1934 ? in teaching at the Moscow Aviation Institute, where he taught courses in design and design of aircraft.

. Since November 1934 ? pilot Polar Aviation
. In 1935 he graduated from the school Serpuchovskay Blind Flight. The summer of 1937 tested the purchased in the U.S. amphibious S-43, where the autumn of 1937 participated in the search for the missing crew SA Levanevskogo.

. Since 1940 ? test pilot aircraft factory 22 (Fili) experienced a serial bomber SB and Pe-2, tested the Ar-2 bomber.

. In September 1941 ? ? February 1943 pilot military transport aircraft, airplane Li-2 was engaged in delivery of cargo to the front, in the besieged Leningrad.

. In 1943-1950 ? test pilot aircraft factory 23 (Fili) experienced a serial bomber Tu-2 and Tu-4, participated in the trials bomber Tu-12.

. In 1950-1955 ? Test Pilot Flight Research Institute (z
. Zhukovsky). Participated in test flights for heavy aircraft. Participated in the testing of experimental aircraft design ShR EDO VM Myasishchev. January 20, 1953 in conjunction with FF Opadchim made its first flight on the strategic bomber M-4 and participated in its testing.

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Alexei Nikolayevich Gratsiansky awarded May 1, 1957 for their courage and heroism shown during the trial of a new aviation technology.

. W and the time of flight operations mastered 49 types of aircraft
. In 1955-1958 worked as an inspector of the Division Flight Department MAP, taught at the MAI.

In 1958-1968 ? ? Deputy General Designer of the chief flight test facility of Antonov Design Bureau. From 1968 he worked in the department of technical information of Antonov Design Bureau. Ph.D. in Geography. He was a member of the editorial board of the main information publications VINITI.

F ill in Kiev. Died Jan. 20, 1987. He was buried in Kiev at the Baykove cemetery. Awarded 3 orders of Lenin and medals.


Biography provided by A. Simonov

Additional Links:
1) Light aircraft "Omega"

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