(24. 2. 1899 - 22. 1. 1985)
Mr. Romani Mikhail Mikhailovich. Born February 24, 1899 in the city of Tver. Russian. Childhood and adolescence spent in Kaluga, Rzhev, village Losinoostrovsky (âˆš now within the city). In 1916-1917 he studied at the Moscow Higher Technical School, in 1917 he graduated from the aviation theory courses at the Moscow Higher Technical School.
In the Army from 1917. In 1918 he graduated from the Moscow flight school, left in her flight instructor. In 1924-1930 âˆš in flight test work in the Institute of Air Force in 1930-1941 âˆš in TsAGI. Has tested many famous aircraft. Implemented a number of long-haul flights to Europe, China and Japan.
. 10/12 September 1934 at the ANT-25 (second pilot âˆš AI Filin, navigator âˆš I. T. Spirin) made a record for distance and duration flight on the closed route âˆš 12411 miles in 75 hours.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union Mikhail Mikhailovich Gromov was awarded on Sept. 28, 1934 for the implementation of the flight and for displaying courage and heroism.
. In 1937 at the ANT-25 made a nonstop flight from Moscow to the North Pole âˆš âˆš San Jacinto (USA), setting 2 world aircraft distance record.
. From March to August 1941 âˆš Chief Flight Research Institute.
. In Private World War II: December 1941-February 1942 âˆš commanding 31-second mixed air divisions (Kalinin Front), Air Force commander of the Kalinin Front (February-May 1942), commander of the 3rd (May 1942-May 1943) and 1-st air armies (May 1943-June 1944),
. In 1944-1946 âˆš Head Office training Frontal Aviation Air Force.
After the war in 1946-1949 âˆš deputy commander of long-range aviation. In 1949-1955 âˆš Head of the Flight Department MAP. Since 1955, Colonel General Aviation Gromov âˆš in stock.
In 1959-1961 âˆš chairman Weightlifting Federation of the USSR.
F ill in Moscow. Died Jan. 22, 1985. He was buried in Moscow, the Novodevichy cemetery.
Distinguished Pilot USSR (1925), Honored Master of Sports of the USSR (1969), Professor (1937). Awarded 4 orders of Lenin, Order of the October Revolution, 4 orders of the Red Banner, Order of Suvorov, 2-nd degree, Order of the Patriotic War of degree 1, 3 orders of Red Star and medals, and foreign awards. Awarded medals de Lavaux (FAI) (1937).
Its named after a street in Moscow, the area in Zhukovsky, Moscow region.
On land and in the sky. Zhukovsky, 1999.
Biography provided by A. Simonov