(1. 6. 1928 - 30. 6. 1971)
D obrovolsky George Timofeevich - Soviet cosmonaut. Born June 1, 1928 in Odessa, a working class family. Russian. Member of the CPSU since 1954. When George is 2 years old, his father left the family. Educated mother. Educated. When the Great Patriotic War he was 13 years old. Georgi digging trenches and blew out the lighters, helping to protect native city. When the fall of 1941 Odessa fell, decided to fight the invaders in the ranks of the guerrillas. He obtained a gun, but did not have time to use it. During the raid was captured, beaten and carrying a weapon thrown in jail. Romanian court-martial sentenced him to 25 years hard labor. March 19, 1944, not long before the liberation of the city (Odessa was liberated April 10), with false documents, constructed underground, he managed to escape.
After the war, joined the Air Force Special School Odessa. In the Soviet Army from 1946. Graduated Chuguyivske Military Aviation School in 1950. He served in fighter aircraft, was promoted from private pilot to the deputy squadron commander for political affairs. In January 1963, enlisted in the cosmonaut. In 1964 he graduated from the Air Force Academy. In preparation for space flight Dobrovolsky did not spare his forces, tried to penetrate into the specifics of the astronaut to the smallest detail. Voltage, with complete dedication, he worked all 8 years until the day when the State Commission approved the crew commander of the spacecraft Soyuz-11 Б• Б•L and manned orbital scientific station Salyut Б• Б•L.
. 6 June 1971 at 7.55 am Moscow time launch vehicle with the spacecraft Soyuz-11 Б• Б•L launched into space
. June 7 at 10.45 the ship docked with the orbital station Salyut Б• Б•L, has been in orbit since April 19. The flight lasted 23 days. During this time, the crew performed an extensive test program for space station systems, biomedical research and astrophysical experiments. According to Academician MV Keldysh, the experiments Б• hold great promise for meteorology, geology, geography, ocean research, vegetation cover and the Earth's resources Б•L.
. June 30 while returning to the land occurred depressurization capsule (prematurely opened valve, egged on air)
. When the search party and opened the door of the landing vehicle, the astronauts found sitting motionless in the workplace. All reanimation results gave no. The crew of the ship (Timofeevich Georgy Dobrovolsky, Vladislav Volkov, Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev) died.
. June 30, 1971 GT Dobrovolsky posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union
. Awarded the Order of Lenin and medals.
He was buried in Red Square in the Kremlin wall. Forever enrolled in the lists of the military unit. Name Dobrovolsky named an asteroid in the constellation Leo, a research ship USSR, the streets in several cities, schools Б•¬ 10 Б•¬ 54 Odessa and Vladivostok. Honorary Citizen of Odessa. In Odessa, on the avenue its name is a monument to. In Mogilev on the street its name is a memorial plaque. Has the International tournament in trampolining memory Dobrovolsky.
Biography provided by AE Melnikov
. 1) Abramov A.S
. Kremlin Wall. - Publishing. 7-e, dop. - M.: Politizdat, 1987.
2) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
3) Davydov I.V. Breath immortality. - M., 1979
4) AD Zaitsev, Roshchin II, Solovyov VN. Enrolled perpetuity. Kn. 1. M.: Politiz, 1990.
5) Forever in the ranks. - Kn. 8. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1985
6) The feat for Life. - Odessa, 1984
7) For the sake of you, Earth! - M., 1971
8) Rebrov M.F. Soviet cosmonauts. - Publishing. 2-e, dop .- M., 1983.
9) Romanov, AP, Lebedev LA, Lukyanov B.B. Sons of the blue planet. - M., 1981
10) Shatalov VA, Rebrov M.F. Cosmonaut. - M., 1980