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Kalinkin Boris Tihonovich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Kalinkin Boris Tihonovich
photo Kalinkin Boris Tihonovich
(14. 4. 1913 - 10. 6. 1945)

B Loris Tihonovich Kalinkin, captain, second pilot air transport aircraft of special-purpose. Born April 14, 1913 in g. Rtischevo Saratov region in the family of a postman. Russian. In 1928 he graduated from Rtischevskuyu seven-year school in 1932, Balashov School of Civil Air Fleet. He worked as an instructor pilot and flight commander of this school, then the pilot of a passenger plane in g. Pyatigorsk.

During the Great Patriotic War, fought on the North-Caucasian Front, and then perform the special task of the Government to assist the guerrillas and the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia. He was awarded the medal "For Defense of the Caucasus.

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Boris Tikhonovich Kalinkina awarded 20 June 1944 for the evacuation of hostile environment on a military base Bari (Italy), Supreme Headquarters People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia, headed by Marshal Josip Broz Tito,
. For this feat B. T. Kalinkin was also awarded the title of National Hero of Yugoslavia.

B Loris Tihonovich Kalinkin died in a car accident June 10, 1945. He was buried in Moscow at the Novo-Devichye cemetery name of the hero in g. Rtischevo named street.


Esnoy In 1944 Hitler's command made yet another attempt to crush the People's Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia and thereby strengthen its shaky rear in the Balkans and to release reserves to be sent to the Eastern Front.,

. At this time the brunt of the Nazis brought down by the Supreme Headquarters of the Yugoslav army, with a view captured by Marshal Tito and his closest associates.

. On the morning of May 25 the Germans threw in the city Drvar, where the staff, a major air assault force
. To help the paratroopers were sent motorized and tank units, dealt a blow to the front, which at that time held only 50 kilometers from the city. During a fierce battle with guarding the headquarters of the Yugoslav Army at the cost of huge losses to the enemy succeeded in capturing Drvar, but the operation to seize the prisoner of Marshal Tito's complete failure. Members of the Supreme Headquarters and the Government of Yugoslavia to break away from the environment and the abandoned tracks left in the mountains. After ten days of heavy hits headquarters Tito came to the area Kupreshko Field, located a hundred kilometers from Drvar. However, the Nazis on the heels of the danger is not passed, to remain in the area was risky. Yugoslav commanders had decided to evacuate the governing bodies in a safe place.

. Performing complex and demanding task of evacuating staff of the Soviet command was entrusted to the crew of the transport plane, which as the second pilot was part of Captain Kalinkin
. Order of flight was broadcast on our air base in Bari (Italy), created by agreement with the Allies.

On the night of June 4, 1944 the crew flew to the task execution. Weather was not favorable: low clouds, strong wind. The route of flight passed through the sea port of Split, covered with heavy fire antiaircraft artillery. It was necessary to overcome the Adriatic and Dinaric ranges of mountains, whose peaks reach three thousand meters. Low clouds and the absence of specific guidelines night made it difficult to find sites. Finally the landing pad, prepared by the guerrillas, was a very small size, located among the mountains, near the enemy. Landing approach was possible only on one side.

Brave pilots Shornikov and Kalinkin overcome all these difficulties. They are perfectly landed at the last campfire, followed by a steep cliff. The pilots took on board 20 people, including Marshal Tito and the leaders of the Allied military missions, and safely brought them to Bari. That night, the brave crew in more difficult conditions has made a second flight to Kupreshko field and carried on the same basis the other members of the Supreme Headquarters.

. ---
. Sources:
. 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968

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