(29. 4. 1903 - 9. 2. 1972)
H ikolay I. Krylov, Colonel General, Commander of 5 th Army, was born April 29, 1903 in a. Cherry Tamalinskogo district of Penza Region in the family of an employee. Russian. In 1919 he graduated as an external student of upper secondary schools in g. Arkadak Saratov region. In the same year, volunteered for the Red Army.
In October 1920 he graduated from infantry and machine gunners' courses Red commanders, in September 1928 - the highest postgraduate courses commanders "Shot". In 1919 - 1922 years of battles participated in the South, the Caucasus, the Transcaucasus and the Far East front, occupying the post of commander of a rifle platoon, company and battalion. Double shot. In 1929 he took part in battles against belokitaytsev during the conflict in the CER. In the prewar years, served as Chief of Staff of the fortified area in the Odessa Military District.
. From the beginning to the end of the Great Patriotic War, fought in the South, the North Caucasus, Stalingrad, the Don, South West, West, 3 rd Belorussian and 1-m Far Eastern Fronts
. Participated in the defense of Odessa, Sevastopol, in the Battle of Stalingrad, the liberation of Smolensk Oblast, Belarus, Lithuania and defeating the enemy on the territory of East Prussia and Manchuria. Seriously injured in January 1942 in Sevastopol.
. He was awarded three Orders of Lenin (1942, . 1945, . 1963), . Order of the October Revolution (1968), . four Orders of the Red Banner (1942, . 1943, . 1944, . 1950), . Order of Suvorov 1-st degree (1944), . Kutuzov 1-st degree (1943), . medal "For Defense of Odessa", . "For the Defense of Sevastopol", . "For the Defense of Stalingrad, . "For the capture of KцTnigsberg", . "For the victory over Germany in World War II 1941 - 1945 gg.", . "3a-victory over Japan" and five commemorative medals, . as well as many orders and medals from foreign countries.,
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Nikolai Ivanovich Krylov was awarded April 19, 1945 for personal courage and leadership shown by the troops of the army during the Belarusian offensive operation.,
. In the Torah the Gold Star Medal "is awarded on Sept. 8, 1945 for the destruction of a large group of Japanese troops in Manchuria and shown personal courage and bravery.
. In the postwar years, NI
. Krylov held senior military positions, including a commander of the Urals, Leningrad and Moscow military districts. Rose to the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union (1962g.). He was commander of the Strategic Rocket Forces and the Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR (since 1963), deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, a member of the CPSU Central Committee. Bronze Bust NI. Krylov is set to. Cherry in 1951.
. He died a hero twice on Feb. 9, 1972
P ochti half a century of service under the banner of the Soviet Army, . participated in two wars, . thousands of kilometers of roads front, . Hundreds of battles, . Life in the trenches and pup tents, . path from the ordinary to the Red Army, Marshal of the Soviet Union - these are the major milestones of military biography of Nikolai Ivanovich Krylov.,
. Great Patriotic War, h
. I. Krylov met Colonel, Chief of Staff of the fortified area of the Danube. In August 1941 he became chief of staff of the Independent Coastal Army, one of the leaders of the heroic defense of Odessa. More than two months of continued defense of the city-hero. Persistence of its defenders enemy could not break. Odessa was abandoned on Oct. 16, 1941 on the orders of the Supreme Command, as further defense of the city was considered inappropriate.
Under the plan, developed by NI. Krylov and then approved by the Military Council of the Black Sea Fleet, the Independent Coastal Army as a whole was evacuated from Odessa to Sevastopol. After unloading from ships its parts to go into battle with the enemy to break into the Crimea. Soon, under the pressure of superior enemy forces, our troops went to Sevastopol, a heroic defense that lasted 250 days.
Soul of the defense of Sevastopol on the land front was considered a general I.E. Petrov. His first deputy, loyal and reliable assistant to Colonel Krylov. With a strong-willed, unyielding courage and seething energy, Krylov strongly supported in the headquarters and troops must order and organization.
. In the difficult moments of battle Krylov has always been on the front lines, helped the Army Commander and the commanders of divisions in the leadership battle
. In one of the exits at the forefront of a fragment of an enemy shell struck NI. Krylov in the back, broke the blade, smashed ribs and stopped only a few millimeters from the heart ...
None of those present did not know about the wounding of Colonel. , Wrapped in a Cossack cloak he slowly walked to the car, parked in the shelter, and went to the headquarters. Only in his dugout, he lost consciousness. The wound was severe and dangerous. After surgery NI. Krylov was requested to evacuate to the "mainland". He flatly refused to leave the army and remained in besieged Sevastopol.
. In the second half of April, Nikolai Ivanovich rose to its feet with not yet fully healed wound took up his duties.
. The heroic defense of Sevastopol was nearing
. June 30, 1942 superior enemy forces managed to break into the city. By order of the Supreme Command, the evacuation of troops. Krylov guided it to the end. Together with Army Commander, he left Sevastopol on the last submarine.
After a brief stay in the Transcaucasus NI. Krylov was again in the thick of events: he was appointed Chief of Staff, 62 Army, acting on the banks of the Volga. This army took the brunt of the enemy and for a long time, cut off from their troops on the narrow strip of the right bank of the Volga, heroically defended Stalingrad. The army headquarters was located at 600 - 800 meters from enemy positions.
Great importance to the success of street fighting in Stalingrad had a new, more flexible methods of command and control. A striking example of such a troop leadership is the work of staff 62-Army, chief of which was Major-General NI. Krylov. Using a wealth of experience fighting the German invaders in the defense of Odessa and Sevastopol, NI. Krylov was able to organize the work of his staff and subordinate staffs connections so that even seemingly insignificant changes in the environment shall immediately report to commanders. All decisions and orders of the army commander and the commander of timely brought to the artists. Staffs at all levels have always known the needs and requests units. Employees regimental headquarters, divisions and armies as well as company commanders and battalion, in the difficult moments of battle were in trenches and cellars, together with the soldiers and took a direct part in repelling the German attacks
. After the defeat of the Nazis at Stalingrad H
. I. Krylov was appointed commander of the 5 th Army. The summer of 1944, . participating in the Byelorussian operation, . Army General Krylov was fought 600 miles, . released the 4500 settlements, . including the major cities of Vilnius and Kaunas, . crossed the river Luchesa, . Berezina, . Viliyu and the Neman and the first troops of the 3rd Belorussian Front came to the borders of East Prussia,
. Introducing NI. Krylov for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the front commander, Army General I.D. Chernyakhovskii wrote: "Past 5 th Army operations in its scope, decisive action, pace, skillful maneuver on the battlefield and the results are instructive operations in modern warfare"
. By Rylov met the Victory Day in the way
. By order of the Supreme Command of his army covered with glory, after the fighting in East Prussia, on the railway had to be moved to the Far East.
. Acting on the direction of the main attack the 1 st Far Eastern Front, . 5-th Army was to break the strongest of all available on the Manchurian-Soviet border Pogranichnensky fortified, . Located in the mountain taiga terrain, . and on the eighteenth day of the operation to master the largest center of the Japanese defense in Manchuria Mudanjiang city,
. The offensive was to begin the morning of 9 avgusta1945goda.
Night rain storm broke out. Alpine rivers and streams have become impassable turbulent flows. In such circumstances, could not operate aircraft, and artillery fire in the absence of visibility would be ineffective. And the army commander in the morning to make responsible choices: shoving forward detachments. Using an impenetrable darkness and heavy rain, . these troops without artillery preparation fast and suddenly attacked the enemy, . mastered the advanced positions, . violated the system of enemy defenses and created favorable conditions for the actions of the main forces.,
. Mudanjiang has not be taken at the eighteenth, and on the seventh day of operation
. Soon more than a millionth of the Kwantung Army capitulated.
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968