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MARKELOV Nikolai Stepanovich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography MARKELOV Nikolai Stepanovich
photo MARKELOV Nikolai Stepanovich
(21. 5. 1900 - 15. 1. 1945)

H ikolay Stepanovich Markelov, the soldier, gunner, anti-tank guns 4-th company of 1050-th Infantry Regiment 301 th Infantry Division, was born May 21, 1900 in a. Maksimovka Bazarnokarabulakskogo district of Saratov region. Russian. - Primary. In the Soviet Army was in 1918 - 1920, respectively, and from 1941 to 1945. Participated in the Civil War on the Southern Front. For many years he worked in Kurilovsky forestry, and in the prewar years - at the farm Vodnik.

. During the Great Patriotic War - from August 1941 to January 15, 1945 - fought in the South-West, 3-m 1-Ukrainian and Byelorussian fronts
. Participated in the defense of Kiev and Kharkov, the liberation of Ukraine and Poland. For military distinction was awarded the medal "For Courage". (1944). He was wounded four times.

Died Jan. 15, 1945. He was buried in a mass grave on Polish soil near the village of Magnushev Kielce Voivodeship

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union Nikolai Stepanovich Markelov conferred posthumously on Feb. 27, 1945 for bravery and heroism in crossing the river Pilica and fighting for the retention of a base on its western bank.


We Troma January 14, 1945 troops of the 1 st Belorussian Front launched the Vistula-Oder operation
. Newspapers published occupiers in Lodz, wrote: "Deceptive, abnormal quiet on the Eastern front finally passed. Hurricane lamp again zabusheval. Tips thrown in their months of accumulated masses of people and materials. Flared up last Sunday with a battle, may surpass all previous big battles in the East. "

Fascist newspaper, this time was not far from the truth. Battles which broke out in Poland in the winter of 1945, turned over large areas, and involved the vast masses of troops, equipped with all types of modern combat equipment.

. Successfully led the offensive and the regiment, which served as Nicholas Markelov
. By defeating the enemy's main defense line, our unit on Jan. 15 went to the river near the village of Pilica lethargic Gura. On the west bank of the river the Germans were well-equipped line of defense. The first attempts to force Pilica on thin ice failed, reflected a strong enemy fire. Two machine-guns placed on the ice a fourth company. The men began to crawl back. This is well seen Markelov. The brave soldier crawled forward to a busy bank of the enemy. Climbing on steep, he took a comfortable position and opened fire on the embrasures of enemy bunkers. Best shot anti-tank riflemen silenced two machine gun. The company resumed the offensive, without loss crossed the river and captured in a tactically advantageous foothold on its western bank.

. After some time the Nazis launched a strong counterattack, seeking to throw a company with a base and recover lost ground
. On the narrow front of the enemy threw into the battle infantry battalion with 16 tanks. Soviet soldiers bravely entered into an unequal battle with a numerically superior enemy. Small-arms fire company, supported by artillery and mortar firing indirect fire, forced to lie down enemy infantry. Anti-tank grenades were destroyed. Six Nazi tanks, the rest forced their way into the location of a company and began to iron it occupied the trenches. Markelov fired anti-tank guns on the sides of the enemy vehicles. He managed to set fire to one tank. Two tanks froze in place well-aimed fire from his comrades. The remaining enemy vehicles hastened to withdraw to their initial positions.

Having settled with tanks, Markelov suffered a fire on the infantry and firing points of the enemy. Siege, he destroyed more than a dozen Nazis.

With em counter stood brave soldiers of the Fourth Company. By the end of the day focused on the bridgehead main force regiment. Strong attack, they overthrew the enemy and drove him to the west. But among the attackers have not been Nicholas Markelova. The reflection of the last counterattack, he was fatally wounded and on the way to the hospital died.

1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968

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