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Panov Alexey Borisovich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Panov Alexey Borisovich
photo Panov Alexey Borisovich
(15. 10. 1914 - 9. 12. 1944)


P Anov Alexei Borisovich commander 67-th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (273rd Fighter Division, . 6-th Fighter Air Corps, . 16-th Air Army, . Central Front) - Guard Lt. Col.,
. Born October 15, 1914 in the village Syromyatnikova now Putivl district of Sumy region in a peasant family. Russian. Member of the CPSU (b) since 1939. He graduated from primary school, at home, then 7 classes in the city of Konotop and trade schools with school locomotive repair works. Worked cabinetmaker. In 1932 he entered the Kiev State University. In 1934 he abandoned his studies at the university and the Komsomol went to the 8 th Odessa military aviation school named after Osipenko, from which he graduated in 1936.

. In 1938 he participated in the national revolutionary war of the Spanish people
. Participated in the battles of the Ebro and Madrid. Was seriously wounded. In 1939 he entered the Military Academy Command and navigator of the Red Army Air Force Zhukovsky, from which he graduated in 1941. On the Great Patriotic War from June 1941. He fought on the Leningrad, Volkhov, Kalinin, Western, Southwestern, Steppenwolf, North-West, 1 st Belorussian Front.

Total 241 made a successful sortie, in 41 dogfight shot down 14 enemy planes. September 12, 1944 Guard colonel Panov in the air battle was seriously wounded and died during a forced landing. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, 4 orders of the Red Banner, Order of Alexander Nevsky, World War 1 degree, the Red Star and medals.

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union Alexei B. Panova posthumously awarded on Feb. 23, 1945.


P on the end of the summer school in 1937, Panov volunteer goes to Spain - to help the republican movement
. He took part in air battles over Erbo and Madridom. In one battle, his plane was damaged and Panov put his I-16 at Reus airport, which is called "on his stomach" - in a way that the equipment seized their heads. The car was not a living space - in the plane of the hole, percale places drooped, damaged power elements of the wing and fuselage, a hole in the head of the first cylinder of the engine ... Once overstretched wounded Panov at a "coffin" to the base, it is unclear. And how is a "miracle" is that in 5 days, the aircraft again joined the battle. Alexei less fortunate - he spent in the hospital for more than 3 months. Then he returned to the Soviet Union, where for showing valor and 3 were shot down enemy aircraft, was awarded a 2-name Order of Red Banner.

. In the first year of the Great Patriotic War, Alexei Borisovich served as deputy commander 185 th Fighter Wing
. During this period, made 70 sorties, carried out 15 air battles and destroyed 6 enemy aircraft. Once, during the battle for Moscow in 1941, Panov alone entered the match with 7 bombers Ju.88 and knocked 3 of them. The pilots also conducted his regiment near Moscow, 200 air battles and shot down 22 planes.

. In May 1942, Alexei Panov took 436 th Regiment (a few months later it was renamed the 67-th GvIAP, and in April 1943 one hundred "Red Banner")
. Within 2 years, under the command of a. B. Panova, the regiment made some 4250 sorties in the aerial battles destroyed 265 enemy aircraft, 8 of them - on account of their commander. But all this will happen, and yet was intense military activity.

In esnoy 1943 the regiment's pilots fought hard air battles in the area of Staraya Russa. March 17, 1943, to building on air warning, commander of the 436-th IAP LTC A. B. Panov on fighters Kittihauk "F-40Es attacked north of Staraya Russa a couple of" Messerschmitt "who" hunted "in the rear of the Soviet troops. After a surprise attack one of Vf.109 turned and ushel to the west, but his companion, displaying the skill and perseverance, continued to fight. Within 20 minutes opponents actively maneuvered to the vertical, but the final victory is on the Soviet letchikom.

. The award, shortly before the "oak leaves" to the Knight's Cross, commander of the II-nd shvarma Group JG 54 Ober - Lt. Hans Besissvenger (pictured right), who had 152 victories, was shot down and killed
. However, the documents "Grunherz", he is still considered missing. The reason for this was a report, which was driven Besissvengera - unterofitser Karl Richter. "The last thing I saw - he wrote - was the" Messerschmitt "commander leading the battle with a large group of Russian fighters ...

. At the end of June 1943 30 fighters, 67-th GvIAP, led by Mayor Panov, arrived at the airfield of Kursk and joined the already 1-Fighter Air Division, Colonel and
. Krupenina. In a brutal battle of the July 6, Soviet fighters encountered a group of 15 German bombers disguised 4 Bf.109. As a result, enemy bombers dropped their bombs before reaching the goal, and Panov made in this battle 2-group victories.

August 2, 1943 Lieutenant A. B. Panov led a group of 17-year-fighters to cover the troops of the Central Front. Near Krasnikova they found a group of 70 bombers, protected by 40 fighters. Soviet pilots attacked enemy. Panov in the first attack struck Ju.87, then the right wing of his car rammed another, which fell after the first. On this day, Soviet pilots destroyed 25 enemy aircraft.

In spring 1944, the regiment was moved to the airfield Sievsky (Belarus). In June 1944, A. B. Panov, together with Lieutenant Kuznetsov hunt for German spies. They caught Ju.88 and Panov, opened fire from 75 meters, knocked him.

In August - September 1944 67-th GvIAP conducted intense fighting in Poland. September 12 Alexei Panov led a group of 12 fighters to cover the IL-2, stormed the German troops near Warsaw. They met about 30 Fw.190, but during the battle Panov and its pilots have successfully defended. He shot down 2 "Fokker", but he himself was wounded and his plane shot down. Under the protection of their slave, Panov was forced to withdraw from the battle and made a forced landing. This skapotiroval plane and the pilot was trapped as the cabin, hanging upside down on the webbing. Soon after the plane ran our soldiers, to help get the airman. But it was too late - in a burning plane began to burst ammunition ...


Biography provided by AE Melnikov

. ---
. Sources:
. 1) Andreev SA
. Perfect their immortal. - Kn. 2. - M.: "High School", 1986.
2) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
3) Grichenkov IT, Golovin, NM. Feat. - Kharkov: п?я-п¦п©п+я-, 19
4) On the brink of possible. - 2 ed., Corr. and additional. - M.: "Limb", 1993.
5) Semenov GK. Password - "Spain". - 2 ed., Corr. - Kharkiv: "п?я-п¦п©п+я-, 1976.

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