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POTEMKIN Tcherniakov

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography POTEMKIN Tcherniakov
photo POTEMKIN Tcherniakov
(30. 9. 1917 - 1. 4. 1945)

M ihail Ya Potemkin, Major, Commander of 129 Infantry Regiment, 93rd Infantry Mirgorodskaya Red Banner Order of Suvorov Division. Born September 30, 1917 at the station Handaohetszy Chinese Eastern Railway in the family conductor of freight trains. Russian. In 1935 he graduated from the heat and Mechanical College. He worked as a teacher of Physical Education in the agricultural college and the executive secretary of District Council of Physical Education in g. Khvalynskoye Saratov region. Since the autumn of 1937 was authorized by the Saratov Oblast Committee of Physical Culture and Sport. In July 1941, was called up for military service and sent to study in Mogilev Infantry School.

. From November 1941 until the day of death had fought on the Volkhov, the Western, Bryansk, South-West and 3 rd Ukrainian fronts, occupying the post of company commander, battalion and regiment
. Participated in Tikhvin, Rzhev-Zubtsovskoy and Voronezh-Kastornoye offensive operations, the Battle of Kursk, the liberation of Ukraine, Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary and Austria. Seriously injured on Feb. 3, 1942 in the Kirishi, 8 August 1942 under the Rzhev, February 4, 1943 Kastornaya west and slightly wounded on Jan. 18, 1945 at Lake Balaton. For military distinction was awarded the Order of the Red Banner (1942), Suvorov 3rd degree (1944), Alexander Nevsky (1944) and World War 1-st degree (1945).

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union Mikhail Yakovlevich Potemkin awarded posthumously April 28, 1945 for the exceptional courage and bravery, . displayed in the battles at Lake Balaton, . in crossing the River Raba and the storming of the fortified settlements of the enemy on the line of the Austro-Hungarian border.,

. M. Ya Potemkin buried in g
. Wiener Neustadt (Austria). G. Khvalynskoye name of the hero named one of the streets. At the house where he lived a hero, a memorial plaque.

In January 1945 the enemy made a strong counterattack from the district of Veszprem in order to release the troops encircled in Budapest. In the fierce defensive battle, which lasted from 18 to 26 January, the regiment, Major Potemkin repulsed all enemy attacks with heavy losses and, together with other parts of the army prevented a breakthrough 4-SS Panzer Corps to Budapest. "In difficult moments of battle, - says the awards sheet - Potemkin personally appeared and combat formations of infantry and restored the seemingly hopeless situation. Being wounded in the leg, he did not leave the battlefield and within seven days of well-managed regiment, successfully completing all assigned to it by military objectives.

. In March 1945 the regiment participated Potemkin repelling the enemy's counteroffensive in the area of Lake Balaton
. In stubborn fighting regiment destroyed 4 guns, 2 self-propelled artillery pieces, 2 tanks, 23 mortars, more than 500 enemy soldiers and officers, and held an important bridgehead on the eastern bank of the canal near the city of Enshi in Siofok.

. March 20th Regiment from his base went on the offensive
. Along with other parts of the 26 th Army 3rd Ukrainian dandy, he defeated the enemy near Lake Balaton and pursuit in the direction of Szombathely, the first in the army crossed the River Raba and came to the Austro-Hungarian border near the village of Pintkominosen. Potemkin personally led the assault on the border fortifications, enemy-occupied. Skillfully maneuvering units on the battlefield, . personally appearing there, . where choking attack, . successfully organizing their re, . Potemkin with his heroic regiment per day on April 1 seized the strongholds of the enemy Luinzing, . Hazenzdorf, . Dr. Belin and Heligenbrunn,
. When attacking the last of them Potemkin with the commander of the Artillery Battalion 100 th artillery regiment, Major Osipov hit an enemy ambush, joined the battle, was seriously wounded and captured by the Nazis and brutally tortured. The body of the hero, stabbed with bayonets, cut with knives, pierced by dozens of enemy bullets, were picked up by our soldiers on the battlefield.

1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968

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