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( Hero of the Soviet Union)

Comments for LEVER Pavel
Biography LEVER Pavel
photo LEVER Pavel
(15. 1. 1911 - 28. 10. 1941)

P ychagov Pavel - a fighter pilot Captain. Born January 15, 1911 in the village of Lower Likhobory (now БT  area for the Northern District of Moscow) in a peasant family. Russian. He graduated from junior high school. In the army since 1928. In 1930 he graduated from the Leningrad military-theoretical school Air Force in 1931 БT  Borisoglebsk Air Force Pilot School. He served in the military line units at the junior pilot, flight commander, the detachment, squadron. For a long time he served in the 5 th Zhytomyr aviation brigade. For personal successes on the development of new aircraft Lieutenant Rychagov was awarded the Order of Lenin.

From October 1936 to February 1937 under the pseudonym Pablo Palenkar participated in the fighting in Spain. In the numerous battles I-15 squadron under his command shot down about 40 planes rebels, depriving them of the air. Personally shot down 6 aircraft (according to other 15 aircraft).

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union Pavel Vasilyevich Rychagova awarded on Dec. 31, 1936 for their courage and heroism in the performance of military duty.

. In 1937 he entered the study at the Air Force Academy named after NE Zhukovsky.

. In November 1937 sent to China to lead the military activities of the Soviet fighter pilots in the battles against Japanese invaders
. His Spanish military experience very useful in the initial period, as the first group of fighters did not have such experience, and this adversely affected in aerial combat. In China Lever formed air groups as an adviser on fighter aircraft. Under his leadership, has suffered a series of raids against airfields in Hangzhou and Taiwan, stirred up the whole world. Defeat Air Force Base in Taiwan on Feb. 23, 1938, which destroyed about 50 planes and 3-year supply of fuel has caused a state of shock, the Japanese. During the entire month, there did not fly airplanes.

Since April 1938 БT  Air Force commander, Maritime Group, Far Eastern Front and the Air Force 1 st separate Karasnoznamennoy Far Eastern Army. In the fighting at Lake Hassan in 1938 led the fighting aviation groups.

. Member of the Soviet-Finnish war: in November 1939-March 1940 БT  Air Force commander, 9 th Army.

. From June 1940 deputy chief since August - Head of Red Army Air Force (29 year old Lieutenant-General!)
. Since February 1941 БT  Deputy Commissar of Defense of the USSR. Member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 1-th convocation. At a meeting of the Central Committee issued a sharp criticism of the new planes blaming poor performance of Soviet aircraft designers. Then in April 1941 removed from his post as Deputy Commissar oorony and enrolled to study at the General Staff Academy. In June 1941 held a secret inspection of the Soviet-Germany border.

. On the first day of the war the number of Soviet aircraft were killed on the ground, despite the fact that the Alerter service and air warning (air surveillance and detection of airplanes) promptly informed of the approaching enemy
. Б•  Б•L Stalin's Falcons could not even fly. On the night of June 24, 1941 Rychagov arrested. October 28, 1941 in the village Barbysh (Samara region) on the order of the People's Commissar of Internal Affairs L.P. Beria was shot along with his wife Maria Nesterenko (Air Force Major, squadron commander of the individual) and 18 other members of "conspiracy". He was posthumously rehabilitated, July 23, 1954.

. Awarded 2 orders of Lenin, 3 orders of the Red Banner, medals.

. Its named after a street in the Northern District of Moscow, on which stood the house in which he lived hero.


Additional Links:
1) Biography of the hero at Red Falcons

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